Philippe de Champaigne (French, Brussels 1602–1674 Paris)
Red chalk on two attached sheets of off-white laid paper
13 1/16 x 23 3/4 in. (33.1 x 60.3 cm)
Purchase, 2002 Benefit Fund and Gift of Dr. Mortimer D. Sackler, Theresa Sackler and Family, 2004
Not on view
This large, vigorously worked drawing, made in red chalk on two attached sheets of paper, is a study for a view of ancient Jerusalem for the background of a painted Crucifixion given by the artist to the church of the Chartreuse de Vauvert in Paris (Musée du Louvre, Paris). Champaigne’s characteristic fidelity to biblical texts is here manifest in the research that underpinned his conception of the Temple of Solomon, the hilltop structure at upper right. Destroyed before the birth of Christ, but looming large in 17th-century theological and archeological debates, the Temple of Solomon was the subject of several illustrated treatises, including In Ezechielem Explanationes et Apparatus Urbis ac Templi Hierosolymitani published in Rome in 1596 with plans and elevations after designs by Juan Bautista Villalpando.
While his temple may be based on Villalpando’s elevations, its placement within a luminous panoramic view of the ancient city is a tour-de-force of Champaigne’s imaginative powers, incorporating borrowed architectural elements into a dense jumble of imagined buildings, dramatically lit by the setting sun. In the rushed, abbreviated handling of certain areas (the crenellation of the fortified walls, the foreground), one senses the artist’s urgency as he rushed to get his ideas down on paper.
Perrin Stein, May 2014
Marking: In black ink on verso, collector's mark of Kurt Meissner (not in Lugt)
Benno Geiger (German); Kurt Meissner, Zürich (Swiss); British Rail Pension Fund , sale, Sotheby's, London, July 6, 1992, lot 65; Private Collection, Munich , sale, Sotheby's, London, July 8, 1998, lot 101; Private Collection, Munich , sale, Christie's, New York, January 22, 2004, lot 85 [acquired by Kunsthandel Katrin Bellinger, Munich]; Vendor: Katrin Bellinger Kunsthandel , Munich
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," July 27, 2004–October 25, 2004.
Musée de Port-Royal des Champs. "Dessins de Philippe de Champaigne," March 24, 2009–June 29, 2009.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," October 25, 2016–January 30, 2017.
Werner Sumowski Handzeichnungen Alter Meister aus Schweizer Privatbesitz. Zurich, Kunsthalle, 1967, plate 25, cat. no. 25, p. 36, ill.
Françoise Forster-Hahn Old Master Drawings from the Collection of Kurt Meissner, Zurich. Stanford, 1969, cat. no. 8, fig. no. 8, pp. 16, 21, ill.
Bernard Dorival "Philippe de Champaigne et les 'Hiéroglyphiques' de Pierius." Revue de l'Art. vol. 11, 1971, fig. no. 26, p. 41, ill.
Bernard Dorival Philippe de Champaigne, 1602-1674: La Vie, l'oeuvre, et le catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre. vol. 2, Paris, 1976, cat. no. 68, pp. 45-46.
Pierre-Nicolas Sainte-Fare-Garnot Philippe de Champaigne (1602-1674), Jean-Baptiste de Champaigne (1631-1681), Nicolas de Plattemontagne (1631-1706) / Nicolas Sainte Fare Garnot / Philippe de Champaigne et son atelier.. Galerie de Bayser, Paris, Cahiers du Dessin Français, no. 11, Paris, 2000, cat. no. 11, 15, pp. 15, 53, ill.
Carmen C. Bambach, Elizabeth E. Barker, Michiel C. Plomp, Nadine Orenstein, Perrin Stein, Samantha Rippner "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2003-2004." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 62, no. 2, Autumn 2004, p. 18, ill.
Pierre-Nicolas Sainte-Fare-Garnot, Alain Tapié Philippe de Champaigne: Entre politique et dévotion. Exh. cat., Palais des beaux-arts, Lille, Apr. 27-Aug. 15, 2007, and at the Musée Rath, Geneva, Sept. 20, 2007-Jan. 13, 2008. Paris, 2007, cat. no. under no. 72, fig. no. 72-2, pp. 248-249, ill.
Frédérique Lanoe, Pierre Rosenberg Trois maitres du dessin: Philippe de Champaigne (1602-1674), Jean-Baptiste de Champaigne (1631-1681), Nicolas de Plattemontagne (1631-1706). Réunion des Musées Nationaux, Paris, 2009, cat. no. R11*, p. 180, ill.
Le Dessin français au XVIIe siècle. Somogy. Paris, 2013, fig. no. 868, 364, ill.