The earliest Persian garden carpets date from the seventeenth century. This example from Kurdistan or northwestern Iran dates from about 1800. The composition comprises two repeats of the classic Islamic garden plan, known as "Four Gardens" (Chahar Bagh). It shows a wide central stream of water intersected by narrower courses, all of them enlivened by fish. The units separated by the streams represent ornamental pools or flowerbeds, and the composition as a whole abounds with flowering plants, shrubs, and trees.
[ Karekin Beshir, New York, in 1961; sold to Pickering]; William R. Pickering, New York (until 1967; gifted to MMA)
Asia Society. "Peasant and Nomadic Rugs of Asia," 1961, no. 13.
Dimand, Maurice S. Peasant and Nomad Rugs of Asia. New York: Asia House Gallery, 1961. no. 13, pp. 25, 77, ill. p. 25 (b/w).
Dimand, Maurice S., and Jean Mailey. Oriental Rugs in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1973. no. 45, pp. 84, 112, ill. fig. 116 (b/w).
Ettinghausen, Richard. "Islamic Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 33, no. 1 (Spring 1975). ill. pp. 16-17 (color.
Ferrier, Ronald W., ed. The Arts of Persia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989. pp. 130, ill. pl. 23 (b/w).