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Art/ Collection/ Art Object

King Louis IX Carrying the Crown of Thorns

Date:
ca. 1245–48
Geography:
Made in Tours, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Pot-metal glass and vitreous paint
Dimensions:
Overall: 21 11/16 x 13 15/16 in. (55.1 x 35.4 cm)
Classification:
Glass-Stained
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1937
Accession Number:
37.173.3
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 8
King Louis IX of France (r. 1226-70), later Saint Louis, undertook two crusades to the Holy Land. He acquired relics of Christ's passion from his cousin, the Latin emperor of Constantinople Baldwin II, most notably a piece of the True Cross and also the Crown of Thorns. He brought these relics to Paris and installed them in the Sainte-Chapelle, a church that he had built to house them. According to a contemporary chronicle, on the way to Paris Louis stopped at Sens, where the Crown of Thorns was placed in the cathedral overnight. This panel shows Louis at Sens with his brother and some courtiers. Clad in simple clothes, the crowned King Louis carries the extraordinary relic atop a chalice.
From the ambulatory (?) of the Cathedral of Saint-Gatien, Tours; [ Nicolas Brimo, Paris] and ; [ André Lion, Paris (sold 1937)]
Rorimer, James J., and Margaret B. Freeman. The Cloisters: The Building and the Collection of Mediaeval Art, in Fort Tryon Park. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1938. pp. 29-30.

Papanicolaou, Linda Morey. "Stained Glass Windows of the Choir of the Cathedral of Tours." PhD diss., New York University, 1979. pp.151-155, Comp. pl. 25.

Papanicolaou, Linda Morey. "Stained Glass from the Cathedral of Tours: The Impact of the Sainte-Chapelle in the 1240s." Metropolitan Museum Journal 15 (1980). pp. 53-66, fig. 1.

Sturm, James L. Stained Glass from Medieval Times to the Present: Treasures to be Seen in New York, New York. New York: Dutton Publishing, 1982. pp. 2-3, fig. 2.

Caviness, Madeline H., ed. Stained Glass Before 1700 in American Collections: New England and New York (Corpus Vitrearum Checklist I). Studies in the History of Art, Vol. 15. Washington, D.C.: National Art Gallery, 1985. p. 99.

Papanicolaou, Linda Morey. "St. Martin and the Beggar: A Stained Glass Workshop from the Lady Chapels of the Cathedrals of Le Mans and Tours." In Studies on Medieval Stained Glass: Selected Papers from the XIth International Colloquium of the Corpus Vitrearum, New York, 1-6 June 1982, edited by Madeline H. Caviness, and Timothy Husband. Corpus Vitrearum Occasional Papers, Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1985. p. 67, fig. 12.

Hayward, Jane. English and French Medieval Stained Glass in The Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Volume 1, edited by Mary B. Shepard, and Cynthia Clark. Corpus Vitrearum USA, Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2003. no. 24, pp. 141-147, fig. 24.



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