Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Negro Song I

Francis Picabia (French, Paris 1879–1953 Paris)
Watercolor and graphite on paperboard
26 1/8 x 22 in. (66.4 x 55.9 cm)
Credit Line:
Alfred Stieglitz Collection, 1949
Accession Number:
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
Inscription: Inscribed (upper left, in pencil): CHANSON NÈgRE; signed (lower center, in pencil): Picabia
the artist (spring 1913 to Stieglitz); Alfred Stieglitz, New York (1913–d. 1946; his estate, 1946–49; gift to MMA)

New York. The Gallery of the Photo-Secession. "An Exhibition of Studies Made in New York, by François [sic] Picabia, of Paris," March 17–April 5, 1913, no. 12 or 13 (as "Negro Song").

Philadelphia. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. "Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings by Representative Modern Masters," April 17–May 9, 1920, no. 183 (as "Chanson Nègre").

Philadelphia Museum of Art. "History of an American, Alfred Stieglitz: '291' and After, Selections from the Stieglitz Collection," July 1–November 1, 1944, no. 105.

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Alfred Stieglitz Exhibition: His Collection," June 10–August 31, 1947, no catalogue (checklist no. 87).

Art Institute of Chicago. "Alfred Stieglitz: His Photographs and His Collection," February 2–29, 1948, extended to March 7, 1948, no catalogue (checklist no. 88).

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "From the Alfred Stieglitz Collection: An Extended Loan from the Metropolitan Museum of Art," May 22–August 12, 1951, no catalogue (checklist no. E.L.51.691; loan extended to May 15, 1961).

Marseille. Musée Cantini. "Picabia," March 20–May 15, 1962, no. 22.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings from the Alfred Stieglitz Collection," September 9–November 12, 1967, no catalogue (unnumbered checklist).

New York. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. "Francis Picabia," September 16–December 6, 1970, no. 27.

Paris. Musée du Louvre. "Dessins Français du Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, de David à Picasso," October 25, 1973–January 7, 1974, no. 69.

Paris. Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais. "Francis Picabia," January 23–March 29, 1976, no. 33.

London. Tate Gallery. "Abstraction: Towards a New Art, Painting 1910–1920," February 6–April 13, 1980, no. 44.

Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf. "Francis Picabia," October 29–December 4, 1983, no. 16.

Kunsthaus Zürich. "Francis Picabia," February 3–March 25, 1984, no. 16.

Moderna Museet, Stockholm. "Francis Picabia," April 7–May 27, 1984, no. 15.

Staatsgalerie Stuttgart. "Vom Klang der Bilder: Die Musik in der Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts," July 6–September 22, 1985, no. 110.

Venice. Palazzo Grassi. "Futurismo e Futurismi," May 4–October 12, 1986, unnumbered cat. (p. 285).

Edinburgh. Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art. "Picabia, 1879–1953," July 8–September 4, 1988, no. 4.

Galerie Neuendorf, Frankfurt. "Picabia, 1879–1953," September 26–November 5, 1968, no. 4.

Tokyo. Seibu Museum. "Dada y Constructivismo," October 8–November 13, 1988, unnumbered cat. (p. 62).

Seibu Tsukashin Hall, Amagasaki. "Dada y Constructivismo," November 19–December 19, 1988, unnumbered cat.

Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura & Hayama. "Dada y Constructivismo," January 5–February 12, 1989.

Madrid. Centro de Arte Reina Sofía. "Dada y Constructivismo," March 9–May 1, 1989, unnumbered cat.

Paris. Centre Pompidou, Galerie I. "Sons & lumières: Une histoire du son dans l'art du XXe siècle," September 22, 2004–January 3, 2005, unnumbered cat. (p. 153).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Stieglitz and His Artists: Matisse to O'Keeffe," October 13, 2011–January 2, 2012, no. 16.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "African Art, New York, and the Avant-Garde," November 27, 2012–April 14, 2013, extended to Sept 2, 2013, no catalogue (on view until April 12, 2013).

"Mr. Picabia Paints 'Coon Songs'." New-York Herald (March 18, 1913), p. 12.

[Samuel Swift]. "New York by Cubist is Very Confusing." Sun (March 18, 1913), p. 9, as "Chant de nègre".

Harriet Monroe. "Davidson Sculpture Proves That Artist Has Ideas." Chicago Sunday Tribune (March 23, 1913), sec. 8, p. 5, quotes Jo Davidson's comments regarding this work and "Negro Song II" in Exh. New York 1913.

Gabrielle Buffet. "Modern Art and the Public." Camera Work (June 1913), p. 12, as "Negro Songs".

"International Art Show Echo—Studies of Picabia, a Pure 'Abstractionist'." Evening Mail (March 20, 1913), p. 10.

"Futurist Art in a Nutshell." World (April 13, 1913), p. 11, ill.

Florence N. Levy. "Modern Masters at the Pennsylvania Academy." International Studio 71 (August 1920), p. XXXIII.

Gabrielle Buffet-Picabia. "Picabia: L'inventeur." L'oeil 18 (June 1956), p. 35, ill. (reversed).

Philip Pearlstein. "The Symbolic Language of Francis Picabia." Arts 30 (January 1956), pp. 37, 39, 42, ill.

Michel Sanouillet. Picabia. Paris, 1964, pp. 27, 94, ill.

William S. Rubin. Dada and Surrealist Art. New York, 1968, pp. 45, 53, 475, fig. 27.

Marc Le Bot. Francis Picabia et la crise des valeurs figuratives: 1900–1925. Paris, 1968, pp. 53, 81, 91.

Eileen Southern. The Music of Black Americans: A History. New York, 1971, p. 366.

Jean-Hubert Martin and Hélène Seckel, ed. Francis Picabia. Exh. cat., Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais. Paris, 1976, pp. 67, 185, no. 33, ill.

William A. Camfield. Francis Picabia: His Art, Life and Times. Princeton, 1979, pp. 48–49, 284, fig. 74.

Virginia Spate. Orphism: The Evolution of Non-Figurative Painting in Paris, 1910–1914. Oxford, 1979, pp. 321, 363 n. 61.

Barbara Rose in William C. Agee and Barbara Rose. Patrick Henry Bruce: American Modernist. A Catalogue Raisonné. New York, 1979, p. 94 n. 63.

Mona Hadler. "Jazz and the Visual Arts." Arts Magazine 57 (June 1983), pp. 94-95, fig. 8.

Laura Rosenstock in "Primitivism" in 20th Century Art: Affinity of the Tribal and the Modern. Ed. William Rubin. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1984, p. 477.

Maria Lluïsa Borràs. Picabia. New York, 1985, pp. 99, 101, 105 n. 71, pp. 142, 507, no. 143, fig. 253.

Gabriel Boillat. A L'Origine, Cendrars. Les Ponts-de-Martel, Switz., 1985, p. 61.

Judith Zilczer. "'Color Music': Synaesthesia and Nineteenth-Century Sources for Abstract Art." Artibus et Historiae 8, no. 16 (1987), pp. 103-4, fig. 4.

Donna M. Cassidy. "Arthur Dove's Music Paintings of the Jazz Age." American Art Journal 20 (Winter 1988), p. 10, fig. 6.

Christopher Finch. Twentieth-Century Watercolors. New York, 1988, p. 154, pl. 180, as "Negro Song".

Eileen Southern and Josephine Wright. African-American Traditions in Song, Sermon, Tale, and Dance, 1600s–1920: An Annotated Bibliography of Literature, Collections, and Artworks. New York, 1990, p. 270, no. 2245.

Cathy Bernheim. Picabia. Paris, 1995, p. 71.

Katherine Hoffman. Georgia O'Keeffe: A Celebration of Music and Dance. New York, 1997, p. 38.

Donna M. Cassidy. Painting the Musical City: Jazz and Cultural Identity in American Art, 1910–1940. Washington and London, 1997, pp. 6, 47, fig. 29, calls it "Negro Song".

Jody Blake. Le Tumulte noir: Modernist Art and Popular Entertainment in Jazz-Age Paris, 1900–1930. University Park, Penn., 1999, pp. 47-48, 51-52, fig. 26.

Eileen Southern and Josephine Wright. Images: Iconography of Music in African-American Culture, 1770s–1920s. New York and London, 2000, p. 265.

Sophie Duplaix and Marcella Lista, ed. Sons & Lumières: Une histoire du son dans l'art du XXe siècle. Exh. cat., Centre Pompidou, Galerie I. Paris, 2004, pp. 153, 370, ill. p. 153 (color).

Katherine Hoffman. Stieglitz: A Beginning Light. New Haven and London, 2004, p. 263.

Mark Antliff Patricia Leighten, ed. A Cubism Reader: Documents and Criticism, 1906–1914. Chicago, 2008, p. 558.

Jessica Murphy in Stieglitz and His Artists: Matisse to O'Keeffe. The Alfred Stieglitz Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Ed. Lisa Mintz Messinger. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2011, pp. 45, 246, no. 16, ill. (color).

Brenda Leach. Looking and Listening: Conversations Between Modern Art and Music. London, 2015, p. 40.

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