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Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Osiris figure for Gautsoshen

Third Intermediate Period
Dynasty 21
ca. 1000–945 B.C.
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Tomb MMA 60, Pit, burial 4 (Gautsoshen), MMA excavations, 1922–24
Sycomore wood
H. 46.5 cm
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1925
Accession Number:
25.3.37a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 126
This Osiride figure was carved from sycomore-fig wood, then inserted into a coniferous wood base. A cylindrical chamber was created by sawing horizontally across the middle of the back, and then vertically from the feet to the cross-cut, with each part then hollowed out. The facial features are relatively well carved, and special attention was given to the god's crown—the two side feathers (representing ostrich plumes) were made of separate pieces of wood, and the uraeus (rearing cobra on the brow) was is crowned with a horned sun disk, more usually associated with Isis or Hathor. Gautsoshen's Book of the Dead (25.3.32) was put into the interior chamber through a hole in the base, which was plugged up afterwards.
Museum excavations 1923–24. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds, 1925.

Aston, David 2009. Burial Assemblages of Dynasty 21–25: Chronology – Typology – Developments. Contributions to the chronology of the Eastern Mediterranean, vol. 21, Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie, 56. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, p. 201.

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