On the North wall of his chapel at Abydos, Ramesses I is shown as the deceased king who has become one with the god Osiris. The dead king's image is seated, his hand stretched toward a small offering table. To the right of the table are piles of offerings and above these is an offering list. The small figures on the lower right are performing the rituals that accompanied the presentation of the offerings.
Below the figure of Ramesses are a group of Nile gods, two of whom tie the symbols of Upper and Lower Egypt (the papyrus and lotus plants) around the hieroglyph that means union. On either side of these figures, other Nile gods bring vases of fresh water symbolizing "life, all happiness, all food, all provisions."
Ramesses I, first king of Dynasty 19, came to the throne as an elderly man. This chapel and most other monuments dedicated to Ramesses were built or completed by his son and successor Seti I.
Discovered at Abydos near the temple of Sety I, 1910. Purchased by J. P. Morgan and presented to the Metropolitan Museum, 1911.
Winlock, Herbert E. 1921. Bas-reliefs from the temple of Rameses I at Abydos, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Papers, 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Winlock, Herbert E. 1937. The Temple of Ramesses I at Abydos, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Papers, 5. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Hayes, William C. 1959. Scepter of Egypt II: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Part II: The Hyksos Period and the New Kingdom (1675-1080 B.C.). Cambridge, Mass.: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 330–33, figs. 208–09.