元 忽哥赤 和 佚名 耕稼圖 卷 Rice Culture, or Sowing and Reaping
Unidentified Artist Chinese, mid-14th century
Yuan dynasty (1271–1368)
Handscroll; ink and color on silk
Image: 10 1/2 x 199 3/8 in. (26.7 x 506.4 cm) Overall with mounting: 12 1/4 x 389 in. (31.1 x 988.1 cm)
Purchase, W. M. Keck Foundation Gift and other gifts, in memory of Douglas Dillon, 2005
Not on view
Rice Culture depicts China's most fundamental economic activity: the cultivation and harvesting of rice. It is based closely on a set of texts and illustrations first created by the Southern Song court painter Lou Shou (1090–1162). The scroll, which preserves the final nine scenes from this series, bears an inscription, dated 1353, by a Mongolian named Hugechi that states that, after he acquired this painting, he had it remounted and presented it to the Grand Preceptor as a resource for establishing policy.
The work not only documents the continuation of the Song-style court painting tradition but demonstrates how Mongol officials, in spite of their nomadic heritage, had come to appreciate both the fundamental nature of agriculture in Chinese society and its importance in sustaining the fiscal health of the dynasty.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: Artists’ inscriptions and signature
Unidentified artist (64 columns in standard script)