Susan Walker Morse (The Muse)

Samuel F. B. Morse (American, Charlestown, Massachusetts 1791–1872 New York)

ca. 1836–37
Oil on canvas
73 3/4 x 57 5/8 in. (187.3 x 146.4 cm)
Credit Line:
Bequest of Herbert L. Pratt, 1945
Accession Number:
  • Description

    The full-length portrait of Susan Walker Morse (1819–1885), the eldest daughter of the artist, was painted during the crucial years of the invention of Morse's telegraph (ca. 1835–37). The painting shows the girl at about the age of seventeen, sitting with a sketchbook in her lap and pencil in hand with her eyes raised in contemplation. Although traditionally described as a Muse, the figure is more likely a personification of the art of drawing or design. Morse drew on the full extent of his European training, taking from the works of Rubens and Veronese in what was to be an ambitious farewell to his career as an artist. Stymied by a lack of financial success, he abandoned painting for science and inventing. This painting was first exhibited at the National Academy of Design in 1837, where it won enthusiastic praise. Susan married Edward Lind in 1839 and moved to his sugar plantation in Puerto Rico, returning often to New York to spend extended periods with her father, who had been left a widower when Susan was just six. She gradually grew less and less happy with her husband and plantation life. Lind died in 1882; in 1885, Susan set out to return to New York permanently but tragically was lost at sea.

  • Provenance

    The artist, New York, 1837–died 1872; his second wife, Mrs. Samuel F. B. (Sarah Griswold) Morse, Poughkeepsie, New York, died 1902; his granddaughter, Susan Lind Morse (Mrs. George Kellogg) Perry, died 1910; George K. Perry, 1910–ca. 1917; Herbert Lee Pratt, Glen Cove, New York, ca. 1917–45

  • See also