Aquamanile in the Form of Aristotle and Phyllis

Southern Netherlands

late 14th or early 15th century
Bronze; Quaternary copper alloy (approx. 72% copper, approx. 17% zinc, approx. 6% lead, approx. 3% tin).
H. 32.5 cm, w. 17.9 cm, l. 39.3 cm, wt. 6062 g.
Credit Line:
Robert Lehman Collection, 1975
Accession Number:
  • Description

    An aquamanile is a vessel for pouring water used in the ritual of washing hands in both religious and secular contexts—by the priest before Mass and in a private household before a meal. The subject of this celebrated example is the moralizing legend of Aristotle and Phyllis, which achieved popularity in the late Middle Ages. Aristotle, the Greek philosopher and tutor of Alexander the Great, allowed himself to be humiliated by the seductive Phyllis as a lesson to the young ruler, who had succumbed to her wiles and neglected the affairs of state. Encouraging Alexander to witness his folly, Aristotle explained that if he, an old man, could be so easily deceived, the potential consequences for a young man were even more perilous. The ribald subject indicates that this aquamanile was made for a domestic setting, where it would have doubled as an object of entertainment for guests at the table.

  • Provenance

    Maurice Chabrières-Arlès, Oullins, until
    1903; [Duveen Brothers, New York]. Acquired by Philip
    Lehman through Duveen for $20,000 in 1919.

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History