In conjunction with Art of Native America: The Charles and Valerie Diker Collection, Native artists, authors, community members, curators, and historians have been invited to respond to eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Euro-American works in the American Wing's collection. Offering a multiplicity of voices and perspectives, the contributors present alternative narratives and broaden our understanding of American art and history.
Currently On View
Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Hiawatha
Looking at Hiawatha, my thoughts run to Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, not in appearance but in overall composition. Shelley never used the word “monster” for her nature-loving “creature,” but Frankenstein—like Hiawatha—is an admixture of parts. Saint-Gaudens’s figure was inspired by Longfellow’s “The Song of Hiawatha,” which drew on Henry Schoolcraft’s Algic Researches (1839) and its stories of the Anishinaabe of the upper Great Lakes. But Longfellow employed the name of an Iroquoian cultural figure, believing Hiawatha to be “another name for the same personage [Schoolcraft’s Manibozho].” Longfellow’s descriptions of Hiawatha were also inspired by Seth Eastman’s depictions of the Dakota in Schoolcraft’s book, as well as by the Mandan and Upper Missouri illustrations made by George Catlin. Longfellow’s, Saint-Gaudens’s, and Shelley’s “creatures” do not fit the fancy of “civilized” society. At one point Shelley’s Frankenstein states, “I heard of the discovery of the American hemisphere, and wept . . . over the hapless fate of its original inhabitants.”
—James Thomas Stevens (Akwesasne Mohawk)
Hermon Atkins MacNeil, Sun Vow
This sculpture asserts the turn of the twentieth century ethnographic impulse to preserve supposedly disappearing Native cultures from the travails of the modern world. Created in Rome, it embodies a new hybrid aesthetic, its Indian subjects transformed by classical approaches to the human figure. Key to the work is its backstory: the made-up account of a phony Sioux ritual, a tale of generational change replete with grandfatherly advice to “aim high!” That a patently ridiculous story defined the production and reception of this sculpture reveals the ascendant power of modern primitivism. Through art and literature, summer camps and tourist retreats, Americans sought to create an imagined Indian representing an authentic world of nature, community, and spirituality. That fantasy helped sort through the challenges of modernity, even as it erased actual Native peoples.
—Philip J. Deloria (Dakota descent)
Thomas Crawford, Mexican Girl Dying
The noble maiden is demure, lying in a sexually available position, her nose and chin pointed aimlessly at the sky in a sign of resignation. Her right hand gently cups the bare wound under her breast while her left hand clutches the chain of her cross, a final attempt toward her “salvation.” She dies, forlorn, a casualty of the conquistador lance that pierced her sinews, welcoming the new world, Christianity and “civilization.” But what of her own voyage, of her people’s war to resist foreign occupation? Mexica women, land, imagined as disposable flesh ripe for violation. What did she yearn for in her own wayfaring before the invasion of Cortés? Here, we are all Malinches, frozen in time, being chiseled and gazed at, subject to White men’s exploitation.
—Gabriela Spears-Rico (Pirinda Charense and P’urhépecha)
John Frederick Kensett, Hudson River Scene
To me, every bend in the Muhheacanituck (Hudson River) is a beloved view. It is a fertile, life-giving place where Mohican ancestors cultivated bountiful harvests and enjoyed tranquil canoe journeys downriver to exchange news, game, and other gifts with their Munsee kin. It is a sacred landscape from which our surviving community continues to derive pride and meaning. It is our namesake, the Muhheacanituck, the waters that are never still. It is home.
The fort's presence is a reminder of the colonists' need to defend lands that were not their home. Today that tension is still present even if the forts are not. Every day we confront this truth as we work to protect burial places and other sacred sites. The theft is still unresolved.
—Bonney Hartley (Stockbridge-Munsee Mohican)
George Inness, Delaware Water Gap
Painting the air and light of Lenapehoking (the homeland of Lenape peoples) with a deft hand, Inness does little to portray the truth of an American genocide. The Delaware Water Gap, located on the border of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, was the epicenter of colonial mayhem and capitalistic exploitation. By the time this pastoral rendering of peaceful commerce in the rural countryside was completed, my people, the Lenape, had been forcibly removed west to Indian Territory (Oklahoma), Wisconsin, and Canada. The environmental degradation caused by the Industrial Revolution was in full swing seventy miles north along the Hudson River, forever changing the landscape of Lenapehoking. More than a passing storm, capitalism has now threatened our very existence, as we live amid the chaos and destruction of climate change.
—Joe Baker (Delaware Tribe of Indians)
Erastus Dow Palmer, Indian Girl, or The Dawn of Christianity
It is difficult to untether this sculpture from the ongoing legacy of colonization, including thousands of Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG). I am struck by the honesty of the artwork, the careful pairing of sexuality and religion, wherein the body and soul of this nubile neophyte are the desired sites of transformation. My father was a Canadian Indian Residential School survivor, who bore the consequences of this fantasy of flesh and salvation as a very young boy. In the last weeks of my father's life, in 2012, we witnessed together in Rome the canonization of one of our own—the Haudenosaunee St. Kateri Tekakwitha, who, like the girl depicted here, came across this new religion in our ancient lands. I am left contemplating Dawn and the hope of reconciliation like some foreign body in my palm.
—Shawon Kinew (Ojibways of Onigaming First Nation, pizhiw doodem)
Ames Van Wart, Indian Vase
Created during America's centennial year and the era of Native American history characterized by forced removal and imposed relocation to reservations, Van Wart's Indian Vase represents the complexity of American histories and our (mis)understandings of them. This work has long been interpreted as an acknowledgment of the displacement of Native peoples. Here, an assumed dichotomy exists between the figures sitting along the rim: one is defiant, while the other is defeated—though both await their inevitable demise. What happens if we disrupt the lingering nineteenth-century notion that Native peoples are destined to disappear? How would this change our interpretation of these figures?
—Jami Powell (Osage)
Frederic Remington, The Broncho Buster
After regularly seeing casts and reproductions of The Broncho Buster at my first job at the Frederic Remington Art Museum in Ogdensburg, New York, I am now quick to spot them in museums, flea markets, movies, and magazines. The pieces seem to be everywhere, representing the epitome of what many believe a cowboy to be and what Remington hoped he would embody—the last frontiersman and the master of a nation born out of wilderness, subsisting on an unsettled, magical land. I do still wonder—as I did frequently when I was younger—why this artist, who lived so close to the Akwesasne Mohawk Reservation in upstate New York, traveled so far west to find his Native subjects? Maybe too many "Indians" and not enough "Cowboys" would have crushed his mythos of the American West.
—Margaret Jacobs (Akwesasne Mohawk)
Henry Inman, Hayne Hudjihini, Eagle of Delight
Born into a prominent Eagle clan family of the Jiwere-Nut'achi (Otoe-Missouria) people, Hayne Hudjihini, Eagle of Delight, has a blue tattoo on her forehead denoting her royal status. Her marriage to Bear clan Chief Sumonyeacathee formed an Eagle-Bear union—a high honor among the Jiwere-Nut'achi people. Following a peace treaty in which the Jiwere-Nut'achi agreed to an alliance with the United States government, in 1822 she and her husband traveled as ambassadors and protectors of Jiwere-Nut'achi sovereignty from their home in present-day Nebraska to Washington, D.C., to meet with President James Monroe. During this trip, Bureau of Indian Affairs superintendent Thomas McKenney is said to have fallen in love with her and commissioned her portrait. Despite Eagle clan members being known for their strength, health, and long lives, she died of measles shortly after she returned home.
—Veronica, Rock, and Wolf Pipestem (Otoe-Missouria), descendants of Hayne Hudjihini
Henry Inman, Pes-Ke-Le-Cha-Co
The history of the Pawnee people is one of great strength, innovation, beauty, and resiliency. Our values—including a respect for family, a shared responsibility for the land, and an obligation to do right by the next generation—have shaped not only who we are today but also American society. This portrait of Pes-Ke-Le-Cha-Co reflects the dignity and strength of the Pawnee people—qualities he exuded when he traveled to Washington, D.C., in 1821–22 to meet with President James Monroe. At the time, settlers were beginning to overrun the Pawnee, bringing disease and violence with them. For centuries, our Pawnee leaders remained strong, and they continue to protect our people today.
—Crystal Echo Hawk (Skee-Haru-Ha-Tawa) (Kitkehaki Band, Pawnee)
The following contributions to Native Perspectives were previously on view at The Met Fifth Avenue.
William Merritt Chase, At the Seaside
This work depicts a leisurely beach scene painted one year after Chase opened a school of art near the Shinnecock Indian Reservation on Long Island's East End. This land is situated on the Shinnecock people's ancestral territory—of which more than 4,422 acres was stolen through an illegal transaction in 1859. The school and Chase's stay on Long Island were devised by Mrs. Janet S. Hoyt, a wealthy patron of the arts and an artist who lived in the Shinnecock Hills. Hoyt proposed a summer employment opportunity for Chase with the end goal of developing a real-estate venture and transforming the area into a summer-resort destination. Despite the increased eagerness to settle in the Shinnecock Hills, the Shinnecock Indian Nation has remained vigilant in asserting their rightful title to their ancestral land.
—Jeremy Dennis (Shinnecock)
Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Hiawatha
To trace the arc of the hunched back of this imagined Indian is to follow the call for the end of the wild. Longfellow's ethnographic errors while naming the nature of this man matter less than repeating a self-fulfilling prophecy in service of a new national tribe, which relies on the neutering of the Indian problem. This body is depicted with sensitive restraint in a state of retreat, requiring the quiver down and weapons appropriately at rest, in order to keep the future settled. This projection helps us come to terms with and justify the foundational violence of wars unfortunately won. Americans, aided by the work of artists, become Native, and Natives are incorporated into the national narrative.
—Jackson Polys (Tlingit)
Hermon Atkins MacNeil, Sun Vow
How will MacNeil's story end? The figures are suspended, held captive by a vow that the artist later admitted he perhaps made up. This representation of the futility of Indian action fosters a belief in their aimlessness. Where will the arrow land? It cannot. Ineffective and undirected, it must disappear. This reinforces a limited vision of Native success in which the youth, the next generation, must move beyond the blinded elder. In a celebration of naivety, the child smiles slightly at the release of the powerless arrow, contributing to the acknowledgment of landless future generations—of Natives forcibly separated from their territories, and from themselves. This depiction participates in a ritual of blindness to a civilizing violence understood as necessary.
—Jackson Polys (Tlingit)
Thomas Crawford, Mexican Girl Dying
Silencio. Be quiet.
There is a Mexican
Girl Dying, amongst
the sculptures and decor-
ative objects that
dress the American
women. Exposed, cross
in hand, without
citizenship. Where is her
blouse, Mr. Crawford?
Where are the children
with her? Or was
she a child herself?
Across from her sits
a Libyan Sibyl,
aloof, as if to say,
Yet here they are,
pitted against Sèvres
vases, just outside
girl is dying.
We know why some girls
die and others
—Livia Corona Benjamin (Mestizo)
John Wesley Jarvis, General Andrew Jackson
Few figures in US history have generated as much commemoration, antipathy, and passionate debate as Andrew Jackson. The first president born outside the thirteen colonies, Jackson garnered unprecedented popularity in the early nineteenth century, leading American forces during the War of 1812 as well as in battles against Creek and Seminole communities thereafter.
By 1834 his presidency had become synonymous with an entire Age of Jackson. Few, however, have fully recognized how the rise of Jacksonian Democracy came at the expense of American Indian communities, many of which resisted the president on the battlefield and in the courtroom. Jackson defied the Supreme Court's 1832 ruling in Worcester v. Georgia, which stipulated that the Cherokee Nation held sovereign authority over Cherokee lands in Georgia. The resulting Trail of Tears remains forever associated with his legacy.
—Ned Blackhawk (Western Shoshone)
Ralph Earl, Marinus Willett
His gaze limited by colonial blinkers, Ralph Earl did not adequately depict my two Muscogee companions or properly render my likeness as a time-traveling, shape-shifting, gender-fluid supernatural being whose radiance knows no equal. Instead, he placed in the foreground Marinus Willett, who participated in an attack in which a dozen Onondaga villages were burned to the ground, and who fought the Mohawks of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy before declaring himself advocate for the Creeks and compelling them to sign the 1790 Treaty of New York—one of five hundred treaties that would soon be broken by the US government. For these manipulations, Willett was gifted this fine Parisian sword, whose many layers of meaning, dear viewer, I shall leave to you to interpret.
—Miss Chief Eagle Testickle (alter ego of Kent Monkman, Cree)
George Caleb Bingham, Fur Traders Descending the Missouri
Famous for its exceptional calm, this work seems more concerned with atmosphere than the narrative vignettes typical of genre painting. The original title, French Trader and Half-Breed Son, provides greater context for Bingham's masterpiece: French fur traders routinely married Indigenous women to establish the necessary kinship relations that made it possible for them to take furs from Native territories. These marriages not only created valuable trade networks but also established familial obligations of reciprocation that meant goods flowed into Native communities. Bingham's painting offers an alternative vision of western expansion—one characterized by intermarriage and trade, not conflict. The American Art-Union's change of title in 1845 from the more racialized and less palatable original resulted in a loss of insight into one facet of the early frontier.
—Scott Manning Stevens (Akwesasne Mohawk)
Edmonia Lewis, Hiawatha and Minnehaha
Lewis lived during a period of great change in the United States. While the abolition of slavery and the birth of feminism were positive movements toward equality, the eradication and fictional romanticization of Indigenous peoples were also occurring across the country. Lewis, a woman of West Indian heritage, also claimed Native American lineage. She sought to create her own persona and further her career as a sculptor by purposefully assuming an Indigenous identity. After arriving in Rome in 1865, she created Hiawatha and Minnehaha, figures drawn from the popular literature of colonialist culture, specifically the verse of Longfellow. With successes such as these, Lewis carved a pathway for future generations of female artists of color in a white-male-dominated art world.
—Wendy Red Star (Apsáalooke/Crow)
Emanuel Leutze, Washington Crossing the Delaware
The boatman pictured in the stern wears Native moccasins, leggings, and a shoulder pouch, and likely represents an Indigenous member of Washington's troops. Native American warriors fought, often decisively, on both sides of the war—British and American—according to their nation's interest. In 1778 the United States signed a treaty with the Lenape (Delaware), its first formal treaty with an Indigenous nation, securing assistance and safe passage through Delaware land in exchange for "articles of clothing, utensils, and implements of war." The treaty recognized Delaware sovereignty, guaranteed territorial rights, and offered the possibility of Indigenous statehood. But soon a (double) crossing of the Delaware took place: persistent treaty violations by settlers and the US government culminated in the 1782 Gnadenhütten Massacre, in which a Pennsylvania militia killed ninety-six defenseless Christian Lenape. Virtually all of America's Indigenous allies suffered similar fates.
—Alan Michelson (Mohawk)
Albert Bierstadt, The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak
Young and eager to see and draw the western United States, Bierstadt joined Colonel Frederick W. Lander's 1859 survey expedition to the Nebraska Territory. He separated from Lander's caravan in the Wind River Range (in present-day Wyoming) to make oil studies of the mountains, animals, and Indigenous people. Painted in New York, the finished work here is a composite based on drawings, photographs, and oil sketches. However, it is not a picture of a specific place, but an idealization of the romance of the American West. The Shoshone village in the foreground bustling with family life represents the old ways, which Bierstadt knew would not last: the bison were being decimated and with them the traditional lifeways of the Indians.
—Kay WalkingStick (Cherokee)
Jules Tavernier, Dance in a Subterranean Roundhouse at Clear Lake, California
When the seasons change
we go to the roundhouse.
When it is a birthday
we go to the roundhouse.
When a funeral happens for an elder
we go to the roundhouse.
First time I heard the eagle song
It was played in the roundhouse.
It was so powerful my uncle took out his eagle bone whistle
blew it four times in the air as if to call spirits down from the sky,
a circular opening above,
in the night
maps of stars.
The dust rose from the dancers' feet.
People in pieces of regalia
jean jackets and shawls draped over shoulders
as if everyone was transforming into animal clans inside a lodge.
Dancers dance to the drum
like a chain for spirits to find their way into our little roundhouse.
Movements are prayers.
Seven years on the earth I was
with ear pressed on the dirt floor.
Now, every time I hear eagle song
I remember the roundhouse.
—Ty Defoe (Ojibwe and Oneida)
Gallery 765: The West, 1860–1920
Some kind of sun seems to have set.
An exercise in illustrating the concept of the "terminal narrative," the works in this gallery occupy the absence of Native North American self-representation during the expansion of the United States in the nineteenth century. Bronze and oil paint; Frederic Remington and Albert Bierstadt; the pre-reservation Indian. While Indigenous figures in works such as these were often modeled after real people, I have found myself wondering if the artists also viewed their subjects as actual human beings.
People often awake from dreams and nightmares and find them unreal, but this has never been the case for me: these powerful and proselytizing images of the West continue to have a profound influence on the inherited realities of contemporary Americans who happen to be born Native.
—Jason Lujan (Chiricahua Apache, Texas)
James Earle Fraser, End of the Trail
I remember visiting the Cherokee gift shop as a kid, where small novelty versions of this sculpture were for sale. At the time, I saw it as an image of a shamed, defeated Indian, and I wondered if this was really how the rest of the world viewed us. Over the years, I went to powwows with my family, where I saw End of the Trail screenprinted on flags used in ceremonies honoring veterans and prisoners of war. It was a symbol that had been completely reinvented in a Native context. I continue to have ambivalent feelings about this image, but I understand that for many it is a symbol of resilience and strength—characteristics traditionally associated with the warrior.
—Jeffrey Gibson (Choctaw-Cherokee)
An artist, curator, and educator, Joe Baker is currently the Executive Director of the Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center and co-founder and Executive Director of Lenape Center, New York. He is an enrolled member of the Delaware Tribe of Indians. He worked at the Heard Museum as the Lloyd Kiva New Curator of Fine Arts, pioneering new opportunities for emerging and underrepresented Native artists through innovative international exhibitions and programming. His work has recently focused on addressing issues of identity and global cultural equity. Baker graduated from the University of Tulsa with a BFA degree in design and an MFA in painting and drawing, and completed his postgraduate study at Harvard University, Graduate School of Education, MDP Program.
Ned Blackhawk teaches Native American history at Yale where he coordinates a series of Native American Studies initiatives, including the Yale Group for the Study of Native America and the Yale Native American Language Project. His publications can be found in a range of academic journals and include the acclaimed study Violence over the Land: Indians and Empires in the early American West, and most recently the co-edited anthology Indigenous Visions: Rediscovering the World of Franz Boas. To learn more about his work, visit Yale's faculty website.
Livia Corona Benjamin is an Ensenada, Baja California-born artist working out of the United States and Mexico. Her multi-genre practice combines formalism to the concerns of the subaltern, the developing world and new technologies. Her works have been exhibited worldwide including LACMA, Los Angeles; New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York; Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City; and the Whitney Museum of American Art. To learn more about her work, please visit her website.
Philip J. Deloria is the Leverett Saltonstall Professor of History at Harvard University, where his research and teaching focus on the social, cultural and political histories of the relations among American Indian peoples and the United States. He is the author of several books, including Playing Indian, Indians in Unexpected Places, American Studies: A User’s Guide, with Alexander Olson, and Becoming Mary Sully: Toward an American Indian Abstract. Deloria is a trustee of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of the American Indian, former president of the American Studies Association and the Organization of American Historians, and an elected member of the American Philosophical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Jeremy Dennis (b. 1990) is a contemporary fine-art photographer and a tribal member of the Shinnecock Indian Nation in Southampton, New York. In his work, he explores Indigenous identity, culture, and assimilation. Dennis holds an MFA from Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, and a BA in studio art from Stony Brook University, NY. He currently lives and works in Southampton, New York, on the Shinnecock Indian Reservation. To learn more about his work, please visit his website.
Crystal Echo Hawk, a citizen of the Pawnee Nation, is an advocate for the rights of Native peoples. She co-led Reclaiming Native Truth, the largest public opinion research project ever conducted about Native Americans in 2016 through 2018. Its groundbreaking research found that invisibility and misconceptions about Native peoples across society that are driven by pop culture, media, and K–12 education, fuel bias and racism against Native Americans. Based on this research, Crystal founded IllumiNative. Its mission is to illuminate the vibrancy and importance of contemporary Native voices, stories and issues in order to transform the way that Americans and institutions think about and engage with Native peoples.
Jeffrey Gibson is an interdisciplinary artist living and working in the Hudson Valley. His paintings, sculptures, videos, and performances mix references to previous art histories and cultural movements in order to represent the layers of his personal biography and identity. To learn more about his work, please visit Sikkema Jenkins & Co.
Bonney Hartley, Taheekwundooheet, or "She has her arms around the People," is a member of the Stockbridge-Munsee Mohican Nation, and since 2014 has served as Tribal Historic Preservation Officer. Though the Tribe has been displaced to Wisconsin, she works in the Northeast homelands to protect Mohican and Munsee cultural sites, such as burial grounds and village sites that are important to the Tribe's heritage. She holds a master's degree in social science–international relations.
Born and raised in Northern New York, Margaret Jacobs is a member of the Akwesasne Mohawk Tribe. She is known for her sculpture, jewelry, and drawings, and uses all three approaches to explore cultural adaptation and resilience. Jacobs utilizes technological processes generally seen in commercial applications—such as powdercoating—and frequently intermingles unexpected and contradicting materials. To learn more about her work, please visit her website.
Shawon Kinew is an art historian of early modern Italy at Harvard University, where she is an assistant professor in the Department of History of Art and Architecture and a Shutzer Assistant Professor at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. A member of the Ojibways of Onigaming First Nation in northwestern Ontario, Kinew is Anishinaabe and a member of the lynx clan (pizhiw doodem).
Scott Manning Stevens (Akwesasne Mohawk) is a scholar of Native American studies, with a focus on Indigenous literary and visual cultures of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. To learn more about his work please visit the Syracuse University faculty website.
Miss Chief Eagle Testickle is a time-traveling, shape-shifting, gender-fluid supernatural being, and also the alter ego of Cree artist Kent Monkman. A Canadian artist of Cree ancestry, Monkman is well known for his provocative reinterpretations of romantic North American landscapes. To learn more about his work, visit his website.
Veronica, Rock (not pictured), and Wolf Pipestem are descendants Chief Sumonyeacathee (Wolverine) and Hayne Hudjihini (Eagle of Delight). Siblings, they are citizens of the Jiwere-Nut'achi (Otoe-Missouria) Nation.
Jackson Polys is an artist from Tlingit territory, living and working between what are currently called Alaska and New York. His work examines negotiations toward the limits and viability of desires for Indigenous growth. His individual and collaborative works have appeared at the Alaska State Museum, Anchorage Museum, Artists Space, Burke Museum, Images Festival, Sundance Film Festival, Union Docs, and the Whitney Museum of American Art, among others.
Jami Powell is the Hood Museum's first associate curator of Native American art and was recently appointed as a lecturer in Native American Studies at Dartmouth. Powell is a citizen of the Osage Nation and has a PhD in anthropology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Powell's research examines the representations of Indigenous peoples in museums as well as the interventions contemporary Indigenous artists make through creative acts of self-representation. Powell is currently working on a book manuscript titled Stitching an Osage Future: Aesthetic Resistance and Self-Representation. She has also served on curatorial advisory boards for the Philadelphia Museum of Art and Yale University. To learn more about her work, visit the Hood Museum.
Wendy Red Star is a visual artist living and working in Portland, Oregon. To learn more about her work, please visit her website.
Dr. Gabriela Spears-Rico is a Pirinda Charense and P’urhépecha feminist anthropologist and poet who serves as a professor of Chicano Latino Studies and American Indian Studies at the University of Minnesota. Her scholarly work can be found in The Chicana Motherwork Anthology, Indigenous Interfaces, Latinx Talk and Transnational Chicanx Perspectives on Ana Castillo. Her poetry has been published in Feminist Anthropology, Chiricú Journal and Ethnic Studies Review. She is a Mellon Mays fellow and a Woodrow Wilson fellow and was recently named a McKnight Land Grant Professor by her institution. She won Saint Paul’s Sidewalk Poetry contest in 2021. To learn more about her work, please visit the University of Minnesota’s faculty website.
James Thomas Stevens, Aronhió:ta’s, (Akwesasne Mohawk) attended the Institute of American Indian Arts, Naropa University’s Jack Kerouac School of Disembodied Poetics, and Brown University. Stevens is a 2000 Whiting Award recipient, has authored eight books of poetry including, Combing the Snakes from His Hair and A Bridge Dead in the Water. His most recent book is The Golden Book, SplitLevel Press, April, 2021. He is a Full Professor in the undergraduate Creative Writing Department at the Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe, NM.
Kay WalkingStick is an artist of Cherokee heritage whose paintings focus on the American landscape and its metaphorical significances. To learn more about her work, please visit her website.