Augustus Saint-Gaudens American
Adapted from the full-size figure of Victory on Saint-Gaudens’s equestrian monument to the Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman (1892–1903; Grand Army Plaza, Manhattan), this winged allegorical figure is depicted as a triumphant guiding force. Her classicizing gown is emblazoned with an eagle, and she wears a crown of laurel and holds a palm frond—both traditional emblems of victory. The windblown pose recalls that of the Hellenistic marble "Nike of Samothrace" (Musée du Louvre, Paris). The principal model for Victory was Hettie Anderson, an African American woman who was a favored artists’ model in New York during the 1890s.
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