Armor, Steel, gold, leather, copper alloy, textile, Italian, probably Milan

Armor

Date:
ca. 1575; breastplate, later; lancerest and gilt decoration, probably 18th–19th century
Geography:
probably Milan
Culture:
Italian, probably Milan
Medium:
Steel, gold, leather, copper alloy, textile
Dimensions:
Wt. approx. 47 lb. 5 oz. (21.5 kg); additional helmet (b): H. 14 1/4 in. (36.2 cm); W. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm); D. 11 1/4 in. (28.6 cm); Wt. 4 lb. 8.3 oz. (2049.7 g)
Classification:
Armor for Man
Credit Line:
Gift of William H. Riggs, 1913
Accession Number:
14.25.717a–r
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 371
The man's armor, dating from about 1575, is part of a small garniture that included exchange elements for the battlefield and reinforcing pieces for the tournament. The breastplate is a restoration.

The associated horse armor also in the Metropolitan Museum's collection (acc. no. 21.139.2), dating from about 1560, is one of the few complete examples of its period to be preserved. It comes from the armory of the counts Collalto at the castle of San Salvatore, near Treviso, where it was presumably kept from the late sixteenth until the early twentieth century. The bands of etched ornament include classically inspired trophies of arms and armor and musical instruments. These were standard decorative motifs on Italian armor of the period, but here, they are depicted with much more precision, on a larger scale, and in far greater detail and variety than usual. The high quality of the horse armor and its elaborate decoration indicate that it must have belonged to a leading member of the Collalto family, perhaps Collatino Collalto (1523–1569), who was famous both as a soldier and as a man of letters.
William H. Riggs, Paris (until 1913; his gift to MMA).
Indianapolis. Indianapolis Museum of Art. "Treasures from the Metropolitan," October 25, 1970–January 3, 1971, no. 33.

Seattle. Seattle Art Museum. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," March 11–June 6, 1982, no. 19a.

Seattle, Wash. Seattle Art Museum. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor," March 11, 1982–June 6, 1982, no. 19a.

Denver. Denver Art Museum. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," July 18–October 10, 1982, no. 19a.

Denver, Colo. Denver Art Museum. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor," July 18–October 10, 1982, no. 19a.

San Antonio. The Witte Memorial Museum. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," November 13, 1982–February 5, 1983, no. 19a.

San Antonio, Tex. Witte Museum of the San Antonio Museum Association. "The Art of Chivalry," November 13, 1982–February 5, 1983.

Minneapolis, Minn. Minneapolis Institute of Arts. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor," May 24–July 31, 1983, no. 19a.

Minneapolis. Minneapolis Institute of Arts. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," May 24–July 31, 1983, no. 19a.

San Francisco. de Young Museum, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," November 5, 1983–January 28, 1984, no. 19a.

San Francisco. Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor," November 5, 1983–January 28, 1984, no. 19a.

Detroit. Detroit Institute of Arts. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," March 10, 1984–June 2, 1984, no. 19a.

Detroit, Mich. Detroit Institute of Arts. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor," April 4–June 17, 1984, no. 19a.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Costume Institute. "Man and the Horse: an illustrated history of equestrian apparel," December 3, 1984–September 1, 1985 Featured on pg. 16 of catalogue.

Bréban, Philibert. Livret-guide du Visiteur à l'Exposition Historique du Trocadéro, edited by E. Dentu. Paris: Palais du Trocadéro, 1878. p. 72.

Dean, Bashford. "Two Horse Panoplies in the Armor Galleries." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (September 1922), pp. 190–93, frontispiece, ill.

Indianapolis Museum of Art. Treasures from the Metropolitan: Catalogue of the Inaugural Exhibition of the Indianapolis Museum of Art, October 25, 1970–January 3, 1971, edited by Carl J. Weinhardt Jr. Indianapolis: Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1970. p. 46, no. 33, ill.

Nickel, Helmut. Ullstein-Waffenbuch: Eine Kulturhistorische Waffenkunde Mit Markenverzeichnis. Berlin: Ullstein, 1974. p. 127, ill.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Helmut Nickel, Stuart W. Pyhrr, Leonid Tarassuk, and American Federation of Arts. The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from the Metropolitan Museum of Art: An Exhibition. New York: The Federation, 1982. pp. 54–55, 57, no. 19a, ill.

Mackay-Smith, Alexander, Jean L. Druesedow, and Thomas Ryder. Man and the Horse: An Illustrated History of Equestrian Apparel. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1984. p. 16, ill.

Barocchi, Paola, and Giovanna Gaeta Bertalà. "Ipotesi per un Museo nel Palazzo del Podestà tra il 1858 e il 1865." Studi e Ricerche di Collezionismo e Museografia Firenze 1820–1920 (1985), pp. 321–325.

Boccia, Lionello G., and José-A. Godoy. Museo Poldi Pezzoli: Armeria I, edited by Carlo Pirovano. Vol. 5. 1 ed. Milan: Electa, 1985. pp. 77–78, no. 10, fig. 26 (a similar helmet, as part of a composed armor).

La Rocca, Donald J. "A Neapolitan Patron of Armor and Tapestry Identified." Metropolitan Museum Journal (1993), p. 97, fig. 17.

Pyhrr, Stuart W. "Of Arms and Men: Arms and Armor at the Metropolitan, 1912–2012." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (Summer 2012), pp. 5, 22, ill.

La Rocca, Donald J. How to Read European Armor. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2017. p. 155, fig. 172.