Smallsword

Date:
ca. 1650–60
Geography:
probably Paris
Culture:
Probably French, Paris
Medium:
Steel, gold, wood
Dimensions:
L. 38 1/2 in. (97.8 cm); L. of blade 31 3/4 in. (80.7 cm); W. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm); D. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm); Wt. 1 lb. 5 oz. (595 g)
Classification:
Swords
Credit Line:
Gift of William H. Riggs, 1913
Accession Number:
14.25.1148
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 376
By the early seventeenth century, the rapier, a long slender thrusting sword, began to dominate as the gentleman’s weapon of choice. During the course of the century, however, as civilian fencing techniques became more specialized and refined, the rapier developed into a lighter, trimmed-down weapon known by about 1700 as the smallsword. Smallswords, often richly decorated, remained an integral part of a gentleman’s wardrobe until the wearing of swords in civilian settings went out of fashion at the end of the eighteenth century, at which time pistols were replacing swords as arms most frequently used in personal duels. The majority of smallsword hilts are made of silver or steel, but many also employ a wide variety of luxurious materials, such as gold, porcelain, and enamel. At their best, smallswords combine the crafts of swordsmith, cutler, and jeweler to create an elegant weapon that was also a wearable work of art.
William H. Riggs, Paris (until 1913; his gift to MMA).
Laking, Guy Francis, Sir. The Armoury of Windsor Castle: European Section. London: Bradbury, Agnew, & Co., 1904. p. 28, cat. no. 59-A, pl. 8.

Dean, Bashford. Catalogue of European Court Swords and Hunting Swords: Including the Ellis, De Dino, Riggs, and Reubell Collections. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1929. no. 8, pl. VII.

Norman, A. V. B. Small Swords and Military swords: Their Development and Dating, from the Middle of the Seventeenth Century to the Early Nineteenth Century. London: Arms and Armour Press, 1967. pp. 199–213.