Terracotta hydria: kalpis (water jar)

Attributed to the Washing Painter
ca. 430–420 B.C.
Greek, Attic
Terracotta; red-figure
H. 12 1/4 in. (31.1 cm); diameter 9 1/8 in. (23.2 cm)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1922
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 171
Bride with attendants and Eros

The small Eros hovering in front of the seated woman indicates that she is a bride. She is surrounded by paraphernalia appropriate to her status and situation. Before her, an attendant holds a large fan. Behind her, another extends a plemochoe, a container for perfumed oil. This figure is remarkable for her position: she rests one foot on the mouth of the hydria standing on the floor and holds an arm akimbo. One wonders whether the woman would assume the same position if she were in front of her mistress rather than behind her.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1925. "Athenian Red-Figured Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 20(5): p. 132.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 1130, no. 151, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 454, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Miller, Margaret C. 1997. Athens and Persia in the Fifth Century B.C.: A Study in Cultural Receptivity. p. 200, fig. 122, Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.