Interior, four warriors in combat Exterior, obverse and reverse, sphinx between eyes
Typologically and stylistically, this is a remarkable cup. Eye-cups appeared about 540 B.C. Normally they have a Gorgon's face on the interior. A scene occupying nearly the whole interior is rare in black-figure. The influence of Lydos is evident in the imposing figures and clear composition.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1925. "Black-Figured Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 20(12): pp. 297–98, fig. 2.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 58, 198, pl. 38e, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. United States of America 11. The Metropolitan Museum of Art 2. Attic Black-Figured Kylikes. pls. XXIV, XL, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1956. Attic Black-figure Vase-painters. pp. 116, 685, no. 9 top, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. pp. 44, 49, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Pinney, Gloria Ferrari and Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway. 1979. Aspects of Ancient Greece no. 12, pp. 30-31, Allentown, Penn.: Allentown Art Museum.