This seated lion was found along with statues of another lion and an eagle in the precinct of Artemis at Sardis. The group had been assembled on a re-used base during the Roman period, probably after great floods had disrupted the sanctuary. Lions were the attribute of Kybele, the great mother goddess of Anatolia. This statue was probably originally associated with her cult.
Excavated at Sardis
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 210, pl. 50e, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 6, p. 5, pl. 9, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Ratté, Christopher. 1989. "Five Lydian Felines." American Journal of Archaeology, 93(3): pp. 388–89 n. 17.
Lazzarini, Lorenzo and Dr. Clemente Marconi. 2014. "A New Analysis of Major Greek Sculptures in the Metropolitan Museum: Petrological and Stylistic." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 49: pp. 122–23, 130, 138–39, fig. 15, Appendix.