Obverse, Herakles and Amazons in combat Reverse, Dionysos, Hermes, and satyrs
Amazons were mythical women warriors thought to live in a remote region of Asia Minor. One of the twelve labors that Herakles had to perform for his master, King Eurystheus, was to capture the girdle of the Amazon queen Hippolyte. In the fierce battle depicted here, the Amazons are dressed like Greek hoplites (foot soldiers) with helmet, cuirass, and round shield.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1957. "Greek Vases from the Hearst Collection." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 15(7): pp. 166, 174.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 2, bottom, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 114, Oxford: Clarendon Press.