Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta amphora (jar)

Attributed to a painter of Bateman Group
Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 530 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; black-figure
Dimensions:
H. 18 9/16 in. (47.2 cm)
diameter 8 7/16 in. (21.4 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1956
Accession Number:
56.171.7
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 155
Obverse, Herakles and Amazons in combat
Reverse, Dionysos, Hermes, and satyrs

Amazons were mythical women warriors thought to live in a remote region of Asia Minor. One of the twelve labors that Herakles had to perform for his master, King Eurystheus, was to capture the girdle of the Amazon queen Hippolyte. In the fierce battle depicted here, the Amazons are dressed like Greek hoplites (foot soldiers) with helmet, cuirass, and round shield.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1957. "Greek Vases from the Hearst Collection." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 15(7): pp. 166, 174.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 2, bottom, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 114, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC). 1981. Vol. 1: Aara-Aphlad. "Amazones," p. 590, no. 46, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.

Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC). 1986. Vol. 3: Atherion-Eros. Dionysos, no. 590, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1990. Herakles-Kenchrias, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 5. Hermes, no. 651c, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.

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