Roman copy of Greek original. Adaptation of a Greek work of the 4th century B.C.
Dionysos, god of wine and divine intoxication, wears a panther skin over his short chiton and his high sandals with animal heads on the overhanging skin flaps. He stands beside an archaistic female image whose pose and dress imitate those of Greek statues carved in the sixth century B.C. It is difficult to know whether the original Greek bronze statue of Dionysos, of which this is a copy, included the female figure. Supports in the form of pillars, herms, and small statues were not uncommon in Classical art, but this figure may have been added to support the outstretched arm and may represent Spes, a Roman personification of Hope, who was commonly shown as an archaistic maiden.
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Title:Statue of Dionysos leaning on a female figure ("Hope Dionysos")
Artist:Restored by Pacetti, Vincenzo
Period:Augustan or Julio-Claudian
Date:27 BCE–68 CE
Dimensions:H. 82 3/4 in. (210.2 cm)
Credit Line:Gift of The Frederick W. Richmond Foundation, Judy and Michael Steinhardt, and Mr. and Mrs. A. Alfred Taubman, 1990
The cleaning and restoration of this sculpture was made possible by a generous grant from the Edward John Noble Foundation, Inc
Until 1796, collection of the Aldobrandini family, Aldobrandini Palace, Rome; 1796, purchased by Vicenzo Pacetti from the Aldobrandini family; 1796, acquired by Henry Philip Hope from Vicenzo Pacetti; 1796-1917, the Hope collection, displayed at the Duchess Street mansion, London and (after 1835) at Deepdene House, Dorking, Surrey, England (both residences of Thomas Hope, elder brother of Henry P. Hope, and of his descendants); 1917, purchased by Mr. Francis Howard through Christie's, London; 1917-1954, collection of Mr. Francis Howard; until 1990, private collection, Palm Beach, Florida, USA; acquired in 1990, purchased through Sotheby's, New York.
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Hope, Thomas. 1807. Household Furniture and Interior Decoration, executed from designs by Thomas Hope. pl. I, London: Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme.
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Ramage, Nancy H. 1999. "The Pacetti Papers and the Restoration of Ancient Sculpture in the 18th Century." Von der Schönheit weissen Marmors: Zum 200. Todestag Bartolomeo Cavaceppis, Vol. 2, Thomas Weiss, ed. pp. 81–82, fig. 54, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
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