Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Container for Magical Substances (Perminangken [?])

19th–early 20th century
Indonesia, Sumatra
Toba Batak people
Wood, Chinese trade ceramic
H. 13 1/2 in (34.3 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Fred and Rita Richman, 1988
Accession Number:
1988.124.2a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 355
Prior to the widespread adoption of Christianity in the early twentieth century, magic formed an important element in Batak religious practice. Religious specialists, known as "datu," performed both benign and malevolent magic using a variety of ritual paraphernalia. The most sacred and powerful of the datu's objects was the potion container, or "guri guri." These containers held "puk puk," a powerful substance made from a ritually executed human victim. Puk puk, it was believed, could force the victim's spirit to do the datu's bidding.
The containers themselves were often imported Chinese ceramics, but the Batak carved elaborate wooden stoppers to seal the mouths of the vessels. Many stoppers, such as this example, depict human figures riding horselike creatures called "singa." Combining aspects of horses, snakes, lions, and other animals, singa are mythical creatures associated with fertility and supernatural protection.
[Jim Willis, San Francisco, until 1977]; Fred and Rita Richman, New York, 1977–1987

Hersey, Irwin and Marcia. "Indonesian Primitive Art." Arts of Asia vol. 10, no. 5 (September-October 1980), pl. 6.

Schoffel, Alain. Arts primitifs de l'Asie du Sud-Est : Assam, Sumatra, Bornéo, Philippines: collection Alain Schoffel. Meudon: Chaffin, 1981.

Stöhr, Waldemar. Art of the Archaic Indonesians. Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art, 1982.

Taylor, Paul Michael, and Lorraine Aragon. Beyond the Java Sea: Art of Indonesia's Outer Islands. Washington, D.C.: National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 1991.

Capistrano-Baker, Florina H. Art of Island Southeast Asia: The Fred and Rita Richman Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1994, no. 20, pp.46-47, 123.

Kjellgren, Eric. Oceania: Art of the Pacific Islands in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2007, 119, 206-7.

Kjellgren, Eric. How to Read Oceanic Art. How to Read 3. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014, p. 107.

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