Twentieth-century American collectors prized the distinctive eighteenth-and early-nineteenth-century pottery, fraktur, and furniture made by immigrants of Switzerland, the Palatinate, and the Upper Rhine Valley of Germany, who had settled throughout southeastern Pennsylvania. A sampling of this Pennsylvania German "folk art" later appeared in the Index of American Design, a Federal Arts Project of the New Deal era, which helped to popularize aesthetics among modern collectors and artists. The unicorn and men-on-horseback design on this painted chest are motifs often depicted on marriage chests created in Berks County.
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