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Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Armor for Heavy Cavalry with Matching Shaffron (Horse's Head Defense)

ca. 1600
Steel, gold, leather, textile
armor: H. 57 in. (144.78 cm); Wt. 77 lb. 2 oz. (34.98 kg); shaffron: H. 22 in. (55.88 cm); Wt. 2 lb. 14 oz. (1.3 kg)
Armor for Man-3/4 Armor
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1927
Accession Number:
27.177.1, .2
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 374
One of the best-preserved French armors dating from the reign of Henry IV (1589–1610), this example demonstrates the French preference for completely gilt armors. It retains its original yellow silk helmet lining and red leather straps sewn with metallic thread. Matching this armor are a shaffron (defense for the horse's head), also in the Metropolitan Museum's collection (acc. no. 27.177.2), and a saddle, now in the Musée de l'Armée, Paris.

In spite of its rich decoration, this armor was intended for use in battle. It was made at a time when the lance had been abandoned by the heavily armored cavalry in favor of a pair of pistols kept in holsters at the front of the saddle. The presence of hand firearms on the battlefield led to the increasing weight of armors such as this and the gradual discarding of elements like the defenses for the lower legs.
Ex. coll.: Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Müller, Bernhard. "Die Rüstung Philipps des Grossmütigen." In Philipp Der Grossmütige: Beiträge Zur Geschichte Seines Lebens Und Seiner Zeit. Marburg: N.G. Elwert, 1904. pp. 155–60, ill.

Müller-Hickler, Hans. Führer Durch Die Kunst Und Historischen Sammlungen: Waffensaal. Darmstadt: Hessisches Landesmuseum, 1923. p. 5.

Dean, Bashford. "Recent Accessions in the Armor Department." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 23, no. 1 (January 1928). pp. 18–23, fig. 7.

Stöcklein, H. "Neuerwerbungen des Metropolitan Museums." Pantheon 1 (1928). pp. 269, 274, ill.

Dean, Bashford, and Robert T. Nichol. Handbook of Arms and Armor, European and Oriental, edited by Stephen V. Grancsay. 4th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, October 1930. p. 184, fig. 119.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Helmut Nickel, Stuart W. Pyhrr, Leonid Tarassuk, American Federation of Arts, and Joseph P. Ascherl. The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from the Metropolitan Museum of Art: An Exhibition. New York: The Federation, 1982. pp. 69–73, no. 28, ill.

Nickel, Helmut. "Arms and Armor from the Permanent Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49, no. 1 (Summer, 1991). pp. 30, 64, ill.

Pyhrr, Stuart W. "Of Arms and Men: Arms and Armor at the Metropolitan, 1912–2012." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 70, no. 1 (Summer 2012). pp. 21–22, fig. 30.

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Armor for Heavy Cavalry

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