Inscription: Inscription in two lines: "The brushwork is forceful and muscular; this is something which did not appear after the Tang". Calligraphy is in the "slender gold" style of Emperor Huizong of Northern Song.
Marking: Seals (all are forged):
1. Upper right: Tianli Zhibao (relief, square)- Yuan Emperor Tianshundi (r. 1328)
2. Upper right near center: Mingchang (relief, tall rectangle)- Jin Emperor Zhangzong (r. 1188–1208)
3. Top, near center: Mingchang Yülan (relief, square)- Jin Emperor Zhangzong (r. 1188–1208)
4. Upper left: Xüanho Dianbao (relief, square)- Song Emperor Huizong (r. 1100–25)
5. Left edge: Neidian Zhanwan (relief, square)- Zin Zhangzong
6. Left edge, below no. 5: Qünyü Zhongbi (relief, tall rectangle)- Jin Zhangzong
7-8. Bottom edge, left of center: Zhengho (half seals)- Song Emperor Huizong
9. Bottom edge, center: unidentified half gourd seal
10. Bottom edge, right of center: Yüufu (half seal) unidentified
11. Lower right corner: Siyin (Ming official half seal of the Palace Inventory)
12. Four half-seals, illegible
[Marilyn Fu and Julia Murray, 1977]
Zhang Daqian , (until 1972; donated to MMA)
Minneapolis Institute of Arts. "Fakes and Forgeries," July 11, 1975–September 11, 1975.