Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Ali Pasha (born about 1741, died 1822)

Jacob Ritter von Hartmann (German, 1795–1873)
Oval, 4 1/8 x 3 1/4 in. (105 x 84 mm)
Credit Line:
The Moses Lazarus Collection, Gift of Josephine and Sarah Lazarus, in memory of their father, 1888–95
Accession Number:
Not on view
Hartmann, a dilettante miniature painter, became a general in the Bavarian infantry. He died in Würzburg. The signature on this miniature is in the same form as that on a work by Hartmann shown at the “Miniaturen-Ausstellung,” Munich, 1912, which was signed Htn. 9/20 (Thieme-Becker, vol. 16, 1923, p. 81).

Ali Pasha, called the Lion of Yanina, was a Turkish brigand who became the despotic ruler of much of Albania, Epirus, Macedonia, Thessaly, and the Morea, with his court at Ioannina. Byron visited him in 1809 and described their meeting in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage. Ali Pasha was murdered on February 5, 1822.

[2016; adapted from Reynolds and Baetjer 1996]
Inscription: Signed and dated (left edge, in red): htn. 22
Moses Lazarus, New York (until d. 1885); his daughters, Josephine and Sarah Lazarus, New York (1885–1888/95)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "European Miniatures in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," November 5, 1996–January 5, 1997, no. 214.

Graham Reynolds with the assistance of Katharine Baetjer. European Miniatures in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1996, pp. 14, 168, 170, no. 214, colorpl. 214 and ill. p. 169, note that the signature is in the same form as that on a work by Hartmann exhibited in Munich in 1912.

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