Credit Line:Bequest of Martha T. Fiske Collord, in memory of her first husband, Josiah M. Fiske, 1908
Inscription: Signed and dated (lower right): EMeissonier [initials in monogram] 1865
Lieutenant General baron Auguste Goethals, Brussels; Federico H. Mylius, Genoa (until 1879; his sale, Genoa, November 13, 1879, no. 91, as "Soldat," to Spencer); Albert Spencer, New York (1879–88; his sale, Chickering Hall, New York, February 28, 1888, no. 52, as "A Musician," for $8,800 to Knoedler); [Knoedler, New York, 1888]; Josiah M. Fiske, New York (possibly by 1888–d. 1892); Martha T. Fiske Collord, New York (1892–d. 1908)
Winnipeg Art Gallery. "French Pre-Impressionist Painters of the Nineteenth Century," April 10–May 9, 1954, no. 68 (as "A Lute Player").
The Complete Works of E. Meissonier with Biography. New York, , vol. 1, pl. XL, as "Jacob Leusen".
Marius Chaumelin. Portraits d'artistes: E. Meissonier, J. Breton. Paris, 1887, p. 50, no. 124, as "Le Joueur de guitare".
"A Big Sum for Paintings." New York Times (February 29, 1888), p. 2, notes that Knoedler bought this picture for $8,800 at the Spencer sale.
"The Fine Arts: Art Notes." Critic (March 10, 1888), p. 119.
Montezuma [Montague Marks]. "My Note Book." Art Amateur 18 (April 1888), p. 105.
"'Meissoniers' Owned by Americans." Art Amateur 24 (March 1891), p. 6, states that Josiah M. Fiske purchased it at the Spencer sale.
Vallery C. O. Gréard. Meissonier: His Life and his Art. New York, 1897, p. 371, as "A Soldier of the Time of Louis XIII".
Josephine L. Allen and Elizabeth E. Gardner. A Concise Catalogue of the European Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1954, p. 66.
Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 2, XIX Century. New York, 1966, p. 151, ill., tentatively identify the model as Jacob Leusen, a frequent model of Meissonier's.
Philippe Guilloux. Meissonier: Trois siècles d'histoire. Paris, 1980, ill. p. 24, as "Soldat jouant de la mandoline".
Constance Cain Hungerford inErnest Meissonier: Rétrospective. Exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyons. Lyons, 1993, p. 126, under no. 49, fig. 16, calls it "Jacob Leusen. Soldat jouant du théorbe"; notes that Leusen, playing the same théorbo with his hands in the identical position, also posed for another painting of the same year, "Une chanson" (National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin); remarks that the costume in our painting is worn by Leusen's companion in the Dublin painting.
Katharine Baetjer. European Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art by Artists Born Before 1865: A Summary Catalogue. New York, 1995, p. 420, ill.
Isabelle Collet inZamacois, Fortuny, Meissonier. Exh. cat., Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao. Bilbao, 2006, p. 232, under no. 75.
The model for this picture was Jacob Leusen, who also posed as the soldier with a theorbo in A Song (1865; National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin; see Hungerford 1993). Chaumelin (1887) lists a gravure print by Dujardin.
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