Don Andrés de Andrade y la Cal

Bartolomé Estebán Murillo Spanish

On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 625

During a trip to Madrid in 1658, Murillo encountered grand, full-length portraiture by Titian, Velázquez, and Anthony van Dyck. Learning from their conventions, he soon adopted elements like the classical architecture and imposing dog seen here. Little is known of Don Andrés de Andrade y la Cal, whose name and coat of arms are “carved” in trompe l’oeil on the pilaster. The dog appears to be an Alano Español, a ferocious Spanish breed with double-edged associations: they embody noble power in works such as Cervantes’s “The Dialogue of the Dogs” (1613), but their use in war against Indigenous populations in the Americas has been part of European visual culture since Theodore de Bry illustrated Bartolomé de la Casas’s Brief Account of the Spanish Destruction of the Indies (1598).

Don Andrés de Andrade y la Cal, Bartolomé Estebán Murillo (Spanish, Seville 1617–1682 Seville), Oil on canvas

Due to rights restrictions, this image cannot be enlarged, viewed at full screen, or downloaded.

Open Access

As part of the Met's Open Access policy, you can freely copy, modify and distribute this image, even for commercial purposes.


Public domain data for this object can also be accessed using the Met's Open Access API.