Allegory of the Catholic Faith

Johannes Vermeer Dutch

Not on view

This picture, made at a moment when public celebrations of the Mass were forbidden in the Dutch Republic, draws on the complex language of allegory to depict the triumph of the Catholic Church. A woman, representing the church itself, places one foot atop a globe, while, in the foreground, the cornerstone of the church crushes the serpent of evil. Vermeer converted to Catholicism before his marriage, and this painting, which includes a table laden with chalice, missal, and crucifix, may also refer to the celebration of the Mass in "hidden churches" within private homes. The Crucifixion scene in the background is based on a painting in Vermeer’s collection by the Flemish artist Jacob Jordaens.

#5204. Allegory of the Catholic Faith



  1. 5204. Allegory of the Catholic Faith
  2. 5242. Allegory of the Catholic Faith
  3. 937. Kids: Allegory of the Catholic Faith
Allegory of the Catholic Faith, Johannes Vermeer (Dutch, Delft 1632–1675 Delft), Oil on canvas

Due to rights restrictions, this image cannot be enlarged, viewed at full screen, or downloaded.

Open Access

As part of the Met's Open Access policy, you can freely copy, modify and distribute this image, even for commercial purposes.


Public domain data for this object can also be accessed using the Met's Open Access API.