Horse Bridle or Belt Ornaments, Gilt copper or copper alloy and cloisonné enamel, Spanish

Horse Bridle or Belt Ornaments

Date:
1400–1500
Geography:
Made in Granada, Spain
Culture:
Spanish
Medium:
Gilt copper or copper alloy and cloisonné enamel
Dimensions:
a: 2 3/8 x 2 3/8 x 5/16 in. (6.1 x 6.1 x 0.8 cm)
b: 2 3/8 x 2 3/8 x 5/16 in. (6.1 x 6.1 x 0.8 cm)
c: 2 1/16 x 1 3/8 x 3/8 in. (5.2 x 3.5 x 0.9 cm)
d: 1 1/16 x 7/8 x 1/4 in. (2.7 x 2.2 x 0.7 cm)
e: 1 7/16 x 1 3/8 x 1/4 in. (3.7 x 3.5 x 0.7 cm)
f: 1 7/16 x 1 3/8 x 1/4 in. (3.7 x 3.5 x 0.6 cm)
g: 1 7/16 x 1 3/8 x 1/4 in. (3.7 x 3.5 x 0.6 cm)
h: 1 1/2 x 1 3/8 x 1/4 in. (3.8 x 3.5 x 0.6 cm)
i: 1 7/16 x 1 3/8 x 1/4 in. (3.6 x 3.5 x 0.7 cm)
j: 1 7/16 x 1 3/8 x 1/4 in. (3.7 x 3.5 x 0.7 cm)
Classification:
Enamels-Cloisonné
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.962a-j
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 306
Colorful plaques of cloisonée enamel set into intricate patterns of filigree and granulation adorn this sumptuous group of ten ornaments, components of a larger set that may have decorated an elaborate horse bridle or perhaps a sword belt. Their design and decorative techniques link them to other pieces of fine metalwork made in the Nasrid capital of Granada, presumably in a royal workshop.
Sigismond Bardac, Paris; Dmitri Schevitch(1906) (?); Georges Hoentschel (French); J. Pierpont Morgan (American), London and New York (until 1917)
Molinier, Émile, ed. Catalogue des Objets d'Art et de Haute Curiosité de l'Antiquité du Moyen-Age et de la Renaissance: Collection de M. D. Schevitch. Paris: Galerie Georges Petit, April 4–6, 1906. no. 255, p. 189.

Pératé, André. Collections Georges Hoentschel: Émaux du XIIe au XVe siècle. Paris: Librairie Centrale des Beaux-Arts, 1911. no. 79, fig. L.

Gonzalez, Valerie. "Les collections d'oeuvres d'art du metal emaille hispano-musulman dans les musees mondiaux hors d'Espagne." Sharq Al-Andalus 7 (1990). p. 198, ill. p. 201.

Levenson, Jay A. Circa 1492: Art in the Age of Exploration. Washington, D.C.: National Art Gallery, 1991. pp. 172–73.

Dodds, Jerrilynn D., ed. Al-Andalus: The Art of Islamic Spain. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992. no. 72, pp. 302–3.

Gonzalez, Valerie. Emaux d'al-Andalus et du Maghreb. Aix-en-Provence: Édisud, 1994. pp. 136–37, 139, fig. 97.

Brennan, Christine E. "Hoentschel's Gothic Importance." In Salvaging the Past: Georges Hoentschel and French Decorative Arts from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, edited by Daniëlle O. Kisluk-Grosheide, Ulrich Leben, and Deborah L. Krohn. New York: Bard Graduate Center: Decorative Arts, Design History, Material Culture, 2013. p. 155, fig. 5.11.