Harpsichord

Maker:
Girolamo Zenti (Viterbo 1609-11?–1666/7 Paris)
Date:
1666
Geography:
Rome, Italy
Culture:
Italian
Medium:
Cypress, boxwood, ebony, brass, leather
Dimensions:
Inner instrument: L. 236.3 cm (93 1/16 in.), W. 84.5 cm (33 1/4 in.), D. 19.6 cm (7 11/16 in.); 3-octave span 49.9 cm (19 5/8 in.)
Sounding lengths (longer of pair, close plucking point):
AA 188.2 (9.9)
c2 28.9 (4.6)
f3 9.9 (2.2 )
estimated original c2 was 29 cm
Classification:
Chordophone-Zither-plucked-harpsichord
Credit Line:
The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889
Accession Number:
89.4.1220
Not on view
This large cypress instrument has two sets of unison strings, and, like most Italian harpsichords, can be removed from its outer painted case. An inscription explains that the instrument was restored in 1755 by Giovanni Ferrini, who replaced Bartolomeo Cristofori as Medici court harpsichord maker. Ferrini extended the range of its keyboard to the present GG–c'''. This harpsichord is one of only two that can be firmly attributed to Zenti.
Marking: 1) (on nameboard) HIERONYMUS ZENTI FECIT ROMAE A.S. MDCLXVI/ JOANNES FERRINI FLORENTINVS RESTAVRAVIT MDCCLV.
2) (date on c3 key) 1659
Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown
Written by, Edited by David Rycroft. "An Italian Harpsichord of 1571: Clues to Its Construction." The Galpin Society Journal (1991), vol. XLIV, ill.

"Keyboard Instruments." Summer. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (1989), Vol. 47, No. 1, pg. 18, ill.

Written by, Honorary Editor Maurice Byrne. "The Acoustics of the Harpsichord: Response Curves and Modes of Vibration." The Galpin Society Journal (1985), vol. XXXVIII, pg. 58.

"Musical Instruments in The Metropolitan Museum." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (1978), Vol. XXXV, No. 3, pg. 10, ill.

Keyboard Instruments in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Picture Book. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1961, pg. 26-27, 7, fig. 13, ill.

Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Europe. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1904, vol. I, pg. 81.

Catalogue of Keyboard Instruments. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 0, pg. 67,69, ill.

Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments of All Nations: I. Europe, Galleries 25 and 26, Central Cases of Galleries 27 and 28. Catalogue., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, vol. 13, pg. 81.