Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Recumbent Anubis

Late Period–Ptolemaic Period
664–30 B.C.
From Egypt, Memphite Region, North Saqqara, Sacred Animal Necropolis, Temple deposit, EES excavations 1966–67
Limestone, originally painted black
h. 38.1 cm (15 in); l. 64 cm (25 3/16 in); w. 16.5 cm (6 1/2 in)
Credit Line:
Adelaide Milton de Groot Fund, in memory of the de Groot and Hawley families, 1969
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 123
The Sacred Animal Necropolis at North Saqqara included catacombs that housed the burials of sacred animals - the Mother of Apis cows, falcons, baboons, and ibises. In front of them were arranged shrines attached to their respective cults. The area saw much attention and construction in the Late Period and presumably in the Ptolemaic Period. The extension of the Main Terrace to include the Northern Enclosure, probably as a cult place for the Mother of Apis cows since it was near those catacombs, can be dated to sometime after 343 B.C. This statue of Anubis was found in the fill for the Northern Enclosure, so its date is not certain.

The jackal was found in two pieces and in the vicinity of other statues of recumbent jackals which actually lay beneath remains of a remarkable reed structure. The reed structure comprised panels made of vertical bundles of round reeds, bound and lashed with reed fiber ties, and strengthened with cross members at intervals. It seemed to the excavators that the elements found were originally part of a tall. four-sided pavilion with a square or rectangular ground plan, originally roofed and possibly provided with double doors at the front. Being composed of reeds, such a pavilion could only be for temporary use during a specific ritual, festival, or funerary ceremonies. Embalming tents, called in Egyptian ibou, are constructed of reeds and fibers, and are known to have been used in the funeral ceremonies of the Apis bull and so presumably also for the Mother of Apis cow. Anubis being the god of embalming, it is tempting to speculate the jackal statues originally stood somewhere in the temple precincts in the vicinity of the area used for the embalming pavilions.
#1117: Kids: Recumbent Anubis
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Excavated at Saqqara by Walter Emery for the Egypt Exploration Society, 1966–1967. Acquired by the EES in the division of finds. Purchased by the Museum from the EES, 1969.

Arnold, Dorothea 1995. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, new ser., vol. 52, no. 4 (Spring), New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 16, no. 11.

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