Scarab Inscribed with the Name Maatkare (Hatshepsut) with a Falcon Above

New Kingdom

On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 116

During the 1926-1927 excavation season, the Museum's Egyptian Expedition uncovered three foundation deposits along the eastern enclosure wall of Hatshepsut's funerary temple at Deir el-Bahri in Western Thebes. Among the contents were 299 scarabs and stamp-seals. Sixty-five of these are now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, and the rest were acquired by the Museum in the division of finds.

Among the inscriptions on the bases of these scarabs and seals are examples of every title Hatshepsut held, from the time she was "king's daughter" during the reign of her father, Thutmose I; through the time she was queen of her half-brother, Thutmose II; and during her regency and co-reign with her nephew/step-son, Thutmose III.

The base of this scarab is inscribed with Hatshepsut's throne name, Maatkare. Above, a falcon, with wings outstretched, symbolically protects the ruler. A similar inscription may be found on scarab 27.3.226, but the style of the carving is different and they were probably not made by the same craftsman. The name Maatkare may be roughly translated as Maat (the goddess of truth) is the life force of Re (the sun god).

Scarab Inscribed with the Name Maatkare (Hatshepsut) with a Falcon Above, Steatite (glazed)

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