Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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近代 峰晴隔雨圖 軸
Mountains Clearing after Rain

Artist:
Zhang Daqian (Chinese, 1899–1983)
Date:
ca. 1965–70
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 36 1/2 x 16 7/8 in. (92.7 x 42.9 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
The Lin Yutang Family Collection, Gift of Hsiang Ju Lin, in memory of Taiyi Lin Lai, 2005
Accession Number:
2005.510.5
Not on view
This small landscape exemplifies Zhang Daqian's splashed-ink-and-color method of painting, which he developed in the mid-1960s. In such paintings, he first applied washes of layered ink and intense colors in a semiautomatic manner, then added images of houses, trees, and other details to transform his atmospheric coloring into a suggestive three-dimensional landscape. According to Zhang's inscription, "the peaks along the river separate the clearing slopes from the rain."

Zhang's exposure to Western abstract art played a crucial role in the development of his new style. His acquaintance with Zao Wou-ki (b. 1921), a Chinese expatriate painter working in Paris, was particularly important. In the early 1950s Zao often saturated his canvases with overlapping layers of color onto which he would draw houses, boats, and other figurative motifs. His integration of the abstract with the figurative and the sense of atmospheric expansiveness through nuanced use of color may have inspired Zhang Daqian's splashed painting in both concept and approach.
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (8 columns in semi-cursive script)[1]

“The peaks along the river separate the clearing slopes from the rain.” I can no longer remember who wrote this line, but I have always loved reciting it. Painted to present to [Lin] Yutang, my senior, for his correction. Your junior, Yuan

江上數峰晴隔雨。已不記憶為何人句,予每愛誦之,寫奉語堂吾兄印正。弟爰

Artist’s seal

Zhang Daqian changnian daji you rili 張大千常年大吉又日利


[1] Documentation from Shi-yee Liu, Straddling East and West: Lin Yutang, A Modern Literatus: The Lin Yutang Family Collection of Chinese Painting and Calligraphy, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2007, no. 18, p. 73.
Hsiang Ju Lin , Falls Church, VA (until 2005; donated to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Bridging East and West: The Chinese Diaspora and Lin Yutang," September 15, 2007–February 10, 2008.

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