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Kneeling Archer


Qin dynasty (221–206 BCE)

Not on view

Excavations of the mausoleum of the First Emperor of Qin revealed terracotta models of 108 cavalry, 332 archers and infantry, and a combined unit of more than 300 charioteers, cavalry, and infantry, all fully armored. Based on this figure’s gestures, we can assume that he was an archer, whose original weapon—a crossbow— is now lost. He is the only figure on view here that still bears traces of color, indicating that he was once vividly painted (see the red of his armor laces and the black of his collar). Chemical analysis suggests the use of mineral pigments such as cinnabar, azurite, malachite, bone or lead white, and an artificially produced mineral pigment commonly known as “Han purple.”

#700. Kneeling Archer



  1. 700. Kneeling Archer
  2. 200. Introduction
Kneeling Archer, Earthenware with traces of pigments, China

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