Section of a Poem Scroll with Underpainting of Lotus
Hon'ami Kōetsu (Japanese, 1558–1637)
Underpainting by Tawaraya Sōtatsu (Japanese, died ca. 1640)
Momoyama period (1573–1615)
shortly after 1615
Fragment of a handscroll mounted as a hanging scroll; ink, silver, and gold on paper
Image: 13 x 22 7/8 in. (33 x 58.1 cm) Overall with mounting: 47 1/2 x 23 7/8 in. (120.7 x 60.6 cm)
Collection of Jane and Raphael Bernstein
Not on view
Kōetsu’s innovative calligraphic style is celebrated for the way in which it plays with a reader’s expectations. Sometimes he inscribes kana characters in complex archaic forms so that they resemble kanji (Chinese characters); other times, he renders kanji in such an abbreviated and delicate manner that at first glance they resemble kana. A characteristic of his handwriting is the sudden and conspicuous variations in widths of strokes (which, according to orthodox brush styles, would usually be more modulated). Kōetsu was also a master of the art of “scattered writing” (chirashigaki) in which columns of text were rendered in varying lengths to create an attractive arrangement on the page.
This work originally was part of a much longer handscroll and has been remounted as a hanging scroll. The three waka (thirty-one-syllable court verse) are from the famous anthology One Hundred Poems by One Hundred Poets (Hyakunin isshu), compiled by Fujiwara no Teika in the early thirteenth century as a guide to poetry composition.
The poems read, from right to left, as follows:
Hito wa isa kokoro mo shirazu furusato wa hana zo mukashi no ka ni nioikeru
Though people’s feelings may have changed, in this place from my past, the plum blossoms still have the scent of long ago.
[signed] Ki no Tsurayuki (ca. 872–945)
Natsu no yo wa mada yoi nagara akenuru o kumo no izuko ni tsuki yadoruramu
While evening lingers on this summer night, dawn has already arrived— where, amid the clouds, could the moon be hiding?
[signed] Kiyowara no Fukayabu (active early 10th century)
Shiratsuyu no kaze ni fukeishiku aki no no wa tsuranuki tomenu tama zo chirikeru
Glistening drops of dew, scattered by the wind across autumn plains, appear like unstrung jewels scattered everywhere.
[signed] Fun’ya no Asayasu (active late 9th century)
—Trans. John T. Carpenter
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Designing Nature: The Rinpa Aesthetic in Japanese Art," May 26, 2012–January 13, 2013.