Exhibitions/ Art Object

Coin from the Reign of Emperor Victorinus

Germany (Cologne)
Copper alloy
Diam. 13/16 in. (2 cm)
Credit Line:
Lent by National Museum, U Thong, Suphanburi, Thailand, bequeathed by Air Vice Marshal Montri Haanawichai (306/2509)
Not on view
Large quantities of Roman coins dating from the first to the fifth century have been recovered in southern India and Sri Lanka, where they were of considerable importance to the local economies. Some circulated to mainland Southeast Asia, as seen at Oc Eo in the Mekong Delta and at early urban centers such as U Thong in central Thailand. This coin, from a provincial Roman minting struck during the reign of Victorinus, was minted in Cologne in 269–71. It found its way into the long-distance India trade and thence to U Thong, a terminus of the Thai peninsular route.

cat. no. 2
Found at U Thong, Suphanburi province, Thailand. Bequeathed in 1966 by Air Vice-Marshal Montri Haanawichai to the U Thong National Museum.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Lost Kingdoms: Hindu-Buddhist Sculpture of Early Southeast Asia, 5th to 8th Century," April 14, 2014–July 27, 2014.

Brown, R. L., and Macdonnell A.M., ‘The Pong Tuk lamp: A reconsideration’, JSS, vol. 77, no. 2, 1989: 14-15, 42; Phasuk Indrawooth, Tawarawadi: Kaansueksaa cherng wikrao jaak laktang taang borankadi [Dvaravati, A Critical Study Based on the Archaeological Evidence], Bangkok, 1999: 104-105, fi. 31; Nattapat Chantawit, Phiphitapaan sataan haing chat U Thong [U Thong National Museum], Bangkok, 2002: front cover, 60; Bellina, B. and Glover, I., ‘The Archaeology of Early Contact with India and the Mediterranean World, from the Fourth Century BC to the Forth Century AD’ in I. Glover and P. Bellwood (eds), Southeast Asia, From prehistory to history, London and New York: Routledge, 2004: 71; Phasuk Indrawooth, ‘The archaeology of the early Buddhist kingdoms of Thailand’ in I. Glover and P. Bellwood (eds), Southeast Asia, From prehistory to history, London and New York: Routledge 2004: 122; Sukchai Saising, Silpa Tawarawadi: Wattanatum Phuttasasana yoot raik rerm nai dindaing Thai [Dvaravati Art: The First Buddhist Culture in Thailand], Bangkok, 2004: 37-38; FAD, Namchom Phiphitapaan sataan haing chat U Thong lai ruang rao Suphanburi [Objects from The National Museum U Thong and Supanburi province], Bangkok, 2007: 50; Borrell, B., ‘The early Byzantine lamp from Pong Tuk’, JSS, vol. 96, 2008: 14, fn. 51; Dvāravatī : aux sources du bouddhisme en Thaïlande, Paris: Réunion des Musées nationaux: Musée Guimet, 2009: 21-22.