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German Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1350-1600

German Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1350–1600

Ainsworth, Maryan W. and Joshua P. Waterman with contributions by Timothy B. Husband and Karen E. Thomas, with Dorothy Mahon, Charlotte Hale, George Bisacca, Silvia A. Centeno, and Peter Klein
2013
376 pages
Winner, Association of Art Museum Curators (AAMC) Award for Excellence.
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In conjunction with the grand reopening in May 2013 of the newly renovated European Paintings galleries, the Museum is pleased to present this comprehensive catalogue of our early German paintings. The collection has not been examined in its entirety since 1947, when (at half its current size) it was included in A Catalogue of Early Flemish, Dutch and Germany Paintings by Harry B. Wehle and Margaretta M. Salinger. Our seventy-two paintings constitute the largest, most diverse collection of its kind in America and include examples by the foremost German artists of the period: three by Dürer, eighteen from the Cranach group, eleven by Holbein and his workshop, and remarkable works by Hans Baldung, Hans Süss von Kulmbach, and Hans Schäufelein.

Rigorous review of current knowledge, fresh consideration of previously unresolved questions, and full technical examination with the most up-to-date methods have resulted in invaluable reassessments of attribution and dating. As a result, each painting is situated more accurately within the context of the history of German art. Beyond these time-honored issues of connoisseurship, however, the volume offers a rich understanding of an era that stretched from the late Middle Ages into the Renaissance. It provides both a record of the devotional practices of the time and a deeper look at the secular themes that began to emerge. It brings to life the favored mythological subjects that so captivated the dukes of Saxony and their courtiers. Taking us back to the turbulent times of the Reformation, it discusses the spiritual, educational, and propagandistic aims of such key personalities as Martin Luther, Erasmus, and Albrecht of Brandenburg. In its many portraits, it reflects the increased awareness of the individual in the age of humanism. Above all, the catalogue encourages a closer look at the paintings themselves, now seen in a new light, both here an in our galleries.

Met Art in Publication

Portrait of a Married Couple (Lorenz Kraffter and Honesta Merz?), Ulrich Apt the Elder  German, Oil on linden
1512
Saint John on Patmos, Hans Baldung (called Hans Baldung Grien)  German, Oil, gold, and white metal on spruce
ca. 1511
Chancellor Leonhard von Eck (1480–1550), Barthel Beham  German, Oil on spruce
1527
Joseph Interpreting the Dreams of Pharaoh, Jörg Breu the Younger  German, Distemper on linen
ca. 1534–47
Katharina Merian, Hans Brosamer  German, Oil, gold, and white metal on linden
Portrait of a Man, Barthel Bruyn the Elder  German, Oil on oak
1533
Portrait of a Woman, Barthel Bruyn the Elder  German, Oil on oak
1533
Portrait of a Woman of the Slosgin Family of Cologne, Barthel Bruyn the Younger  German, Oil on oak
1557
Portrait of a Man with a Rosary, Lucas Cranach the Elder  German, Oil on oak
ca. 1508
The Martyrdom of Saint Barbara, Lucas Cranach the Elder  German, Oil on linden
ca. 1510
Venus and Cupid, Lucas Cranach the Elder  German, Oil on wood
ca. 1525–27
The Judgment of Paris, Lucas Cranach the Elder  German, Oil on beech
ca. 1528
Judith with the Head of Holofernes, Lucas Cranach the Elder  German, Oil on linden
ca. 1530
Lukas Spielhausen, Lucas Cranach the Elder  German, Oil and gold on beech
1532
Johann (1498–1537), Duke of Saxony, Lucas Cranach the Elder  German, Oil on beech
ca. 1534–37
Saint Maurice, Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop  German, Oil on linden
ca. 1520–25
Friedrich III (1463–1525), the Wise, Elector of Saxony, Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop  German, Oil on beech, with letterpress-printed paper labels
1533
Johann I (1468–1532), the Constant, Elector of Saxony, Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop  German, Oil on beech, with letterpress-printed paper labels
1532–33
Johann I (1468–1532), the Constant, Elector of Saxony, Lucas Cranach the Elder  German, Oil on canvas, transferred from wood, with letterpress-printed paper labels
1532–33
Martin Luther (1483–1546), Lucas Cranach the Elder  German, Oil on wood
probably 1532
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Ainsworth, Maryan Wynn, Joshua P. Waterman, Timothy Husband, Karen E. Thomas, and Dorothy Mahon. 2013. German Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1350-1600. New York : New Haven: Metropolitan Museum of Art ; Distributed by Yale University Press.