This period witnesses Byzantium’s greatest medieval expansion in the Balkans, followed by the empire’s almost complete collapse in 1204 with the fall of the Byzantine capital to the Western knights of the Fourth Crusade. The Latin Empire established there in 1204 lasts until 1261, when the Byzantine emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos regains the capital. Regional centers of power compete with the capital for authority, among them the Byzantine despotates of Epirus and Thessaly, Latin principalities in southern Greece, and the increasingly powerful states of Serbia and Bulgaria. Ultimately all these states fall to the Ottoman Turks, with Constantinople becoming the capital of the Ottoman empire in 1453. Byzantine art and architecture of the eleventh and twelfth centuries reflect the empire’s prosperity and cultural dominance in the Balkans. Despite the political crises of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, a revival occurs in the arts of the Byzantine territories.