Female Figure

Date: 1st century B.C.–A.D. 3rd century

Geography: Mexico, Mesoamerica, Jalisco

Culture: Jalisco

Medium: Ceramic

Dimensions: H.19 3/4 x W. 13 3/8 in. (50.2 x 34 cm)

Classification: Ceramics-Sculpture

Credit Line: The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Gift of Mrs. Nelson A. Rockefeller, 1979

Accession Number: 1979.355


Large and hollow, this female figure was probably one of a group of similar ceramic sculptures placed in a Jalisco shaft-and-chamber tomb sometime around the turn of the first millennium A.D. Jalisco is one of the western Mexico states (Colima-Nayarit-Jalisco) from which ceramics of the period come, and its sculpture is noted for a hieratic style with stiff postures and staring eyes. This female figure is a good example of the style, with a ring in her long, aquiline nose, a tall headdress, and exaggerated shoulders surfaced with small "pellets" that have been interpreted as scarification patterns. All are probably markers of high rank. Her bodily proportions—long face, short arms, large torso with small breasts, and unarticulated legs—were not meant to indicate deformities but, rather, were accepted stylistic conventions.