Artist: Empress Yang Meizi (Chinese, 1162–1232)
Period: Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279)
Date: early 13th century
Medium: Round fan mounted as an album leaf; ink on silk
Dimensions: Image: 9 1/8 x 9 5/8 in. (23.2 x 24.4 cm)
Credit Line: Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Accession Number: 1989.363.12
During the Southern Song, artists and connoisseurs who wished to express their emotional responses to paintings frequently added poems to them. Empress Yang's poems appear on a number of paintings by such court artists as Ma Yuan (active ca. 1190–1225) and Ma Lin (active ca. 1180–after 1256); this quatrain must once have complemented a fan painting of flowers, but it reveals more about the state of mind of the empress than about the lost painting it accompanied:
My makeup worn and faded, only the scent lingers;
Still I shall enjoy spring's beauty before my eyes.
Once you said to me, how a year blooms quickly
and as quickly dies!
Might we now forsake worldly splendors for the
land of wine?