Harold Greengard, Twin Lakes, Connecticut

Artist: Paul Strand (American, New York 1890–1976 Orgeval, France)

Date: 1916

Medium: Silver-platinum print

Dimensions: Image: 24.2 × 31.6 cm (9 1/2 × 12 7/16 in.)
Sheet: 24.9 × 32.3 cm (9 13/16 × 12 11/16 in.)
Mount: 28 × 33.9 cm (11 in. × 13 3/8 in.)

Classification: Photographs

Credit Line: Ford Motor Company Collection, Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest and The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Gift through Joyce and Robert Menschel, and Gift of Ford Motor Company and John C. Waddell, by exchange, 1997

Accession Number: 1997.25

Rights and Reproduction: © 1997 Aperture Foundation Inc., Paul Strand Archive


Less than a decade after being introduced to photography by the social reformer Lewis Hine in 1907, Strand had explored the soft-focus pictorialist style, absorbed the ideas of the European avant-garde, and developed his own boldly modern and distinctly American photographic vision.

During the summer of 1916, at the house his family rented every year in Twin Lakes, Connecticut, Strand used the porch as his studio and photographed ordinary objects borrowed from the kitchen or simply the shadows of the porch railings. Experimenting with radical camera angles and photographing at close range, he created abstractions that were elegantly poised and extraordinarily original. The same innovative spirit inspired this unique portrait of Strand's best friend, Harold Greengard, whose smart figure cuts a dynamic diagonal across a flattened field of muted, indistinct planes.

The spontaneous quality of this photograph—made a decade before the proliferation of the hand-held camera and the snapshot—testifies to Strand's skill in achieving the "living expression" he sought while revealing the natural ease between himself and his subject. The photograph also heralds the remarkable immediacy and naturalism of the candid portraits of New York street people he would make only a few months later.