Wheellock Rifle

Maker: Johann Michael Maucher (German, Schwäbisch Gmünd, 1645–1701)

Date: ca. 1680–90

Geography: Schwäbisch Gmünd

Culture: German, Schwäbisch Gmünd

Medium: Steel, wood (cherry), ivory, mother-of-pearl

Dimensions: L. 41 5/8 in. (105.7 cm); L. of barrel 30 13/16 in. (78.3 cm); L. of lock 7 1/8 in. (18.1 cm); Cal. .56 in. (14.2 mm); Wt. 7 lb. 11 oz. (3500 g)

Classification: Firearms

Credit Line: Gift of Stephen V. Grancsay, 1942

Accession Number: 42.50.8


Johann Michael Maucher was the most famous member of a Schwabian family of ivory, wood, and amber carvers. He specialized in decorating gunstocks in intricately carved walnut inlaid with panels of ivory worked in relief depicting hunting subjects and allegorical figures. Firearms with such luxurious decoration presumably were valued more for their artistic virtuosity than for their practical use as sporting arms.