Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717–1768)

Artist: Anton Raphael Mengs (German, Ústi nad Labem (Aussig) 1728–1779 Rome)

Date: ca. 1777

Medium: Oil on canvas

Dimensions: 25 x 19 3/8 in. (63.5 x 49.2 cm)

Classification: Paintings

Credit Line: Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1948

Accession Number: 48.141


One of the most influential writers on art and archaeology—his History of Ancient Art was published in German in 1764—Johann Joachim Winckelmann was also a close friend and admirer of Mengs. Both were leading exponents of the nascent Neoclassical movement in Rome. In this idealized posthumous portrait Winckelmann is shown holding a Greek edition of Homer's Iliad.