Ancient Rome

Artist: Giovanni Paolo Panini (Italian, Piacenza 1691–1765 Rome)

Date: 1757

Medium: Oil on canvas

Dimensions: 67 3/4 x 90 1/2 in. (172.1 x 229.9 cm)

Classification: Paintings

Credit Line: Gwynne Andrews Fund, 1952

Accession Number: 52.63.1


This is a pendant to Modern Rome and shows the most famous ancient monuments in the city. It was painted for Count de Stainville, later the Duke de Choiseul, who is shown in the center with a guidebook in hand. Panini shows himself behind the chair. The figures are admiring a copy of the Aldobrandini Wedding—one of the most famous ancient frescoes. The Pantheon, the Coliseum, Trajan's column, the Farnese Hercules, and the Laocoön can be readily identified. For more information about this painting, including the identification of the other monuments, visit