Album with Twelve Engravings of The Passion, a Woodcut of Christ as the Man of Sorrows, and a Metalcut of St. Jerome in Penitence

Israhel van Meckenem (German, Meckenem ca. 1440/45–1503 Bocholt)

Anonymous, Netherlandish, 15th century
Anonymous, German, Cologne, 15th century
late 15th century
Engravings, two touched with gold; woodcut, hand-colored; metalcut, hand-colored; manuscript in dark brown ink with red, and blue initials and flourishes; bound in blind-stamped leather.
Overall: 10 1/4 x 8 1/16 x 1/2 in. (26 x 20.4 x 1.3 cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest and 2002 Benefit Fund; and The Chester Dale Collection, Bequest of Chester Dale, Gifts of Bessie Potter Vonnoh, Henry Walters and Anonymous, and other gifts, bequests, and funds, by exchange, 2003
Accession Number:
  • Secondary Titles

    Groenendaal Passion

  • Description

    This fascinating album provides vivid testimony to the way in which prints were used in the fifteenth century. Twelve outstanding early impressions of Israhel van Meckenem’s engravings of the Passion are interleaved with manuscript text of the Hundred Meditations on the Passion of Christ. The album also includes two rare devotional prints, both hand-colored, as well as liturgical calendars and several devotional texts in Dutch. The entirety was bound into a now well-worn fifteenth-century Netherlandish leather flap binding decorated with geometrical patterns and a stamp with animals and text.

  • Provenance

    Joost Ritman (Dutch); Biblioteca Philosophica Hermetica ; Vendor: Sotheby's, New York

  • Exhibition History

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," April 26, 2004–July 25, 2004.

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," July 27, 2004–October 25, 2004.

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Philippe de Montebello Years: Curators Celebrate Three Decades of Acquisitions," October 24, 2008–February 1, 2009.

  • References

    Paul Pieper, Paul Vogt, Heinrich Kohlhaussen "Israhel van Meckenem" Unser Bocholt. 1953.

    Carmen C. Bambach, Elizabeth Barker, Michiel C. Plomp, Nadine Orenstein, Perrin Stein, Samantha Rippner "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2003-2004." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 62, no. 2, Autumn 2004, p. 14, ill.

  • See also