Pierre-François-Mathis de Beaulieu (apprenticed 1752, master 1768, active until 1792)
French, Paris
Varicolored gold
1 1/2 x 3 1/2 x 1 7/8 in. (3.8 x 8.9 x 4.8cm)
Metalwork-Gold and Platinum
Credit Line:
Bequest of Kate Read Blacque, in memory of her husband, Valentine Alexander Blacque, 1937
Accession Number:
Not on view
In eighteenth-century Europe, Paris led the production of high-quality luxury goods. Parisian goldsmiths made a wide range of small, personal articles such as snuffboxes; étuis to hold sealing wax, tweezers, or utensils for sewing; souvenirs, which contained thin ivory tablets for note taking; and shuttles for knotting lace. Gold snuffboxes and boxes decorated with portrait miniatures were prized and frequently given as royal gifts, often to ambassadors or members of the court in lieu of cash payments for their services. Coveted and admired, these boxes were produced from a variety of materials. The best were skillfully made of gold and embellished with diamonds, enameled decoration, lacquer, and other luxurious materials. By the middle of the century, the taking of snuff had become an entrenched social ritual, and the snuffbox, too, had become an important social prop. Snuffboxes were considered highly fashionable accessories, with some merchants advertising new boxes with each change of season. The popularity of snuffboxes extended to all levels of society, and for those who could not afford gold, boxes were produced in less expensive materials such as silver, tortoiseshell, porcelain, or domestically produced lacquer.
Marking: [1] crowned fleur-de-lis, 2 grains de remède, PMB, device a 5-pointed star (maker's mark); [2] calyx surrounded by fleurons (Paris charge mark for gold and small silver work, 1768–74); [3] crowned italic G (Paris warden's mark for gold, 1770–71); [4] helmeted head (Paris discharge mark for gold and small silver, 1768–75); [5] eagle's head in single outline (Paris restricted warranty mark for gold, 1838–47); [6] 539 (possibly dealer's number).

Location of marks:
[1] - [3] inside bottom and cover, [3] also possibly inside back wall
[4], [5] on insetting rim of box, [5] also on outside edge of cover
[6] on insetting rim)
Kate Read Blacque (until 1937; bequeathed to MMA)