Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Limestone stele (shaft) with the head of Hathor

Period:
Archaic
Date:
2nd quarter of the 6th century B.C.
Culture:
Cypriot
Medium:
Limestone
Dimensions:
Overall: 34 1/2 x 20 1/4in. (87.6 x 51.4cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
The Cesnola Collection, Purchased by subscription, 1874–76
Accession Number:
74.51.2475
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 174
The lower part of the shaft has been cut off; two dowel holes on the upper surface permitted an additional element to be fastened. Stone shafts incorporating the head of the Egyptian goddess Hathor occur particularly often at Amathus. Their appearance may be connected with the advent of Egyptian rule over the island. They played a role in the cult of the Great Goddess of Cyprus who, like Hathor, afforded protection against death and harm. The shafts also occur in funerary contexts.
From the necropolis of Golgoi

Cesnola, Luigi Palma di. 1885. A Descriptive Atlas of the Cesnola Collection of Cypriote Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Vol. 1. pl. XVIII.27, Boston: James R. Osgood and Company.

Myres, John L. 1914. Handbook of the Cesnola Collection of Antiquities from Cyprus. no. 1414, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Mercklin, Eugen von. 1962. Antike Figuralkapitelle. no. 61, p. 21, fig. 86, Berlin: W. de Gruyter & Co.

Hermary, Antoine. 1985. "Un nouveau chapiteau hathorique trouvé à Amathonte." Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique, 109(2): pp. 676, 678, 681, fig. 23.

Sophocleous, Sophocles. 1985. ""Atlas des représentations chypro-archaiques des divinités." Master's Diss.." Master's Diss. no. 126, p. 126, pl. XXXI.1. Paul Aströms Förlag.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Hathor, no. 12, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Karageorghis, Vassos, Joan Mertens, and Marice E. Rose. 2000. Ancient Art from Cyprus: The Cesnola Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 183, p. 118, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Karageorghis, Jacqueline. 2005. Kypris: the Aphrodite of Cyprus: Ancient Sources and Archaeological Evidence. pp. 168–69, fig. 175, Nicosia, Cyprus: Foundation Anasatasios G. Leventis.

Stylianou, Andreas and Patrick Schollmeyer. 2007. "Der Sarkophag aus Golgoi." Dynastensarkophage mit szenischen Reliefs aus Byblos und Zypern: Der Sarkophag aus Amathous als Beispiel kontaktinduzierten Wandels, 2. p. 220 n. 213, Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern.

Hermary, Antoine and Joan R. Mertens. 2013. The Cesnola Collection of Cypriot Art: Stone Sculpture. no. 457, pp. 59, 329–30, Online Publication, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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