The pistols are inscribed in Latin Viena Liberata (Vienna liberated) and Buda Superata (Buda captured) in commemoration of the two major events, in 1683 and 1686, in the war between Austria and Turkey.
Signature: Signed on the barrels: GIO. BATT. FRANCINO.
Inscription: Inscribed in Latin on the barrel of 42.50.9: Viena Liberta (Vienna liberated); and on barrel of 42.50.10: Buda Superata (Buda conquered).
Marking: Marked on the barrel of 42.50.10: a crown and the monogram of the Liechtenstein collection.
Ex. coll.: Prince Johann von und zu Liechtenstein, Vaduz; Clarence H. Mackay, Roslyn, Long Island, New York.
Brno, Czech Republic. Mährisches Landesmuseum. "Austellung von Waffen, Kriegs- und Jagd-Geräthen," September 15–December 27, 1885, pl. XXI.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Loan Exhibition of Arms and Armor," February 6–April 16, 1911, no. 326.
Munich. Schloss Schleissheim. "Kurfürst Max Emanuel, Bayern und Europa," July 2–October 3, 1976, no. 516.
American Art Galleries. Anonymous Sale of European Arms and Armor. New York: American Art Galleries, November 19–20, 1926.
Stockel, Johann F., and Tøjhusmuseet. Haandskydevaabens Bedømmelse. Vol. II. Copenhagen: Nordlundes Bogtrykkeri, 1943.
Grancsay, Stephen V. "Enriched Historical Arms." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 7, no. 4 (December 1948). p. 22, fig 5.
Artist: Pistols made and decorated by Giovan Antonio Gavacciolo (Italian, Brescia, active mid-17th century)Date: mid-17th centuryMedium: Steel, wood (walnut)Accession: 47.110.1, .2On view in:Gallery 375