Obverse, Dionysos and maenads at altar; Reverse, libation scene: king and women
The Niobid Painter takes advantage of the large shape to depict solemn, imposing offering scenes. On the obverse, Dionysos, god of wine, stands at an altar with a kantharos (drinking cup with high handles) as the maenad opposite him holds an oinochoe (jug); interestingly, the vase is glazed black to be more visible. On the reverse, a man whose status is indicated by his scepter and fillet holds a phiale (libation bowl) that is being filled by a woman pouring from an oinochoe (jug).
Found at Capua in 1868 in the so-called Brygos Tomb
Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. pp. 3-4, fig. 21, New York: Plantin Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 85, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 605, no. 61, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Johnson, Hugh. 1985. "A Gift of the Gods." Wine: Celebration and Ceremony, Hugh Johnson, ed. p. 13, New York: Smithsonian Institution.
Williams, Dyfri. 1992. "The Brygos Tomb Reassembled and 19th-Century Commerce in Capuan Antiquities." American Journal of Archaeology, 96(4): p. 621 n. 33.
Gebauer, Jörg. 2002. Pompe und Thysia: Attische Tieropferdarstellungen auf schwarz- und rotfigurigen Vasen. p. 379 n. 1473, Münster: Ugarit-Verlag.
Kaltsas, Nikolaos and H. Alan Shapiro. 2008. Worshiping Women: Ritual and Reality in Classical Athens no. 128, pp. 280-81, New York: The Alexander S. Onassis Public Benefit Foundation (USA), Inc.