The goddess Athena is represented in an archaistic style, a decorative, retrospective manner that incorporated stylistic characteristics of archaic Greek art of the sixth or early fifth century B.C. into newly created figures and compositions. The style flourished from the late second century B.C. onward, fulfilling a demand for decorative works based on the much admired art of the past.
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Title:Marble head of Athena
Period:Augustan or Julio-Claudian
Date:ca. 27 BCE–68 CE
Dimensions:H. 9 3/8 in. (23.8 cm)
Credit Line:Rogers Fund, 1912
[Until 1912, with Ettore Jandolo, Rome]; acquired in 1912, purchased from E. Jandolo.
Robinson, Edward. 1913. "Two Roman Heads." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 8(3): p. 52.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1913. "Department of Classical Art: Recent Accessions of 1912." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 8(2): p. 29.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 191, fig. 117, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 306–7, fig. 216, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 306–7, fig. 216, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. and Christine Alexander. 1939. Augustan Art: An Exhibition Commemorating the Bimillennium of the Birth of Augustus. p. 4, fig. 4, New York: Marchbanks Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. pp. 185, 531, fig. 533, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 23, p. 19, pls. 23a–c, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC). 1984. Vol. 2: Aphrodisias-Athena. "Athena/Minerva," p. 1079, no. 61, pl. 788, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.
Hermary, Antoine and Daniel Brentchaloff. 2000. "Hermès double de Fréjus." Monuments et mémoires, 78: pp. 70–71, figs. 16a-16b.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 408, pp. 354, 486, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Zanker, Paul, Seán Hemingway, Christopher S. Lightfoot, and Joan R. Mertens. 2019. Roman Art : A Guide through the Metropolitan Museum of Art's Collection. no. 65, pp. 36, 170–71, 174, New York: Scala Publishers.
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The Museum's collection of Greek and Roman art comprises more than 30,000 works ranging in date from the Neolithic period to the time of the Roman emperor Constantine's conversion to Christianity in A.D. 312.