The peristyle courtyards and gardens of the villas belonging to wealthy Romans were filled with fountains, sculpture, and monumental ornaments such as this vase. Many of these decorative works were eclectic combinations of shapes and motifs drawn from the long, rich tradition of Greek art that had been produced some five hundred years earlier in the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. The six female figures that surround this vase are copies and adaptations taken from famous classical reliefs. On one side, two modestly wrapped maidens approach a girl playing a double flute, while on the other side, three maenads, followers of Dionysos, dance in abandon to the music of wooden clappers. Gnarled trees above the handles evoke an outdoor setting.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1924. "A Neo-Attic Marble Vase." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 19(1): pp. 1, 10–13.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 212, 214-15, figs. 148-49, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 212, 214-15, figs. 148-49, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. and Christine Alexander. 1939. Augustan Art: An Exhibition Commemorating the Bimillennium of the Birth of Augustus. p. 4, fig. 1, New York: Marchbanks Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. p. 181, 524, fig. 514, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 60, pp. 40-41, pl. 52, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. no. 80, p. 110, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Grassinger, Dagmar. 1991. Römische Marmorkratere. no. 22, pp. 27-8, figs. 167-73, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Touchette, Lori-Ann. 1995. The Dancing Maenad Reliefs: Continuity and Change in Roman Copies, Bulletin Supplement, Vol. 62. no. 48, p. 82, pl. 32a-d, London: Institute Of Classical Studies.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 2000. The Year One: Art of the Ancient World East and West nos. 33-4, pp. 52-3, 206, New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.