Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta calyx-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to the Persephone Painter
ca. 440 B.C.
Greek, Attic
Terracotta; red-figure
Overall: 14 1/4 x 14in. (36.2 x 35.5cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Amelia E. White, 1941
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 159
Above, obverse, Odysseus pursuing Circe; reverse, women and king
Below, obverse, man between women; reverse, youth and women

The primary and most interesting scene on this two-row krater shows Odysseus pursuing the enchantress Circe. In the air between them are Circe's magic wand and the skyphos (deep drinking cup) that contains the potion with which she transforms men into animals. Behind Odysseus, two of his men with features of a boar and a horse or mule gesticulate toward him. The pursuit may also be mythological.
Alexander, Christine. 1941. "Greek Accessions: A Bronze Griffin, a Terracotta Vase, a Wax Head." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 36(10): pp. 203–5, figs. 3–4.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 101, 242, pl. 82a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 1012, no. 3, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 440, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Tiverios, Michalis A. 1989. Perikleia Panathenaia: A Krater of the Painter of Munich 2335. p. 80, Thessalonikē: Andromeda Oxford Limited.

Buitron-Oliver, Diana. 1992. The Odyssey and Ancient Art: An Epic in Word and Image. no. 25, pp. 83, 90-1, Annandale-on-Hudson: Edith C. Blum Art Institute, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1992. Kentauroi-Oiax, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 6. Kirke, no. 25, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Cohen, Beth. 2000. Not the Classical Ideal: Athens and the Construction of the Other in Greek Art p. 81, fig. 3.5, Leiden: Brill.

Woodford, Susan and Cambridge University Press. 2003. Images of Myths in Classical Antiquity. p. 169, fig. 130, Cambridge.

Strawczynski, Nina. 2003. "La representation de l'evenement sur la ceramique attique: quelques strategies graphiques." Zum Verhältnis von Raum und Zeit in der griechischen Kunst : Passavant-Symposion, 8. bis 10. Dezember 2000, Peter C. Bol, ed. p. 38 n. 29, Möhnesee: Bibliopolis.

Wannagat, Detlev. 2003. "Plotzlichkeit: Zur temporalen und narrativen Qualitat fallender Gegenstande." Zum Verhältnis von Raum und Zeit in der griechischen Kunst : Passavant-Symposion, 8. bis 10. Dezember 2000, Peter C. Bol, ed. p. 71 n. 42, fig. 20, Möhnesee: Bibliopolis.

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